Next Article in Journal
A Comparison between Learning Style Preferences, Gender, Sport and Achievement in Elite Team Sport Athletes
Next Article in Special Issue
Effects of Short-Term Dynamic Constant External Resistance Training and Subsequent Detraining on Strength of the Trained and Untrained Limbs: A Randomized Trial
Previous Article in Journal
It’s Not Me, It’s You: The Disconnect of Physical Education Teachers to Physical Activity in the Gym
Previous Article in Special Issue
Outcomes following Hip and Quadriceps Strengthening Exercises for Patellofemoral Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sports 2015, 3(4), 312-324; doi:10.3390/sports3040312

Effects of Respiratory Muscle Warm-up on High-Intensity Exercise Performance

Center for Sport Performance, Department of Kinesiology, California State University, Fullerton, CA 92834, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Eling de Bruin
Received: 21 September 2015 / Revised: 21 October 2015 / Accepted: 30 October 2015 / Published: 5 November 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Strength and Conditioning)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [544 KB, uploaded 5 November 2015]   |  

Abstract

Exercise performance is partially limited by the functionality of the respiratory musculature. Training these muscles improves steady-state exercise performance. However, less is known about the efficacy of executing a respiratory muscle warm-up (RWU) immediately prior to high-intensity exercise. Our study purpose was to use a practitioner-friendly airflow restriction device to investigate the effects of a high, medium, or low intensity RWU on short, high-intensity exercise and pulmonary, cardiovascular, and metabolic function. Eleven recreationally active, males (24.9 ± 4.2 y, 178.8 ± 9.0 cm, 78.5 ± 10.4 kg, 13.4% ± 4.2% body fat) cycled at 85% peak power to exhaustion (TTE) following four different RWU conditions (separate days, in random order): (1) high; (2) medium; (3) low airflow inspiration restriction, or no RWU. When analyzed as a group, TTE did not improve following any RWU (4.73 ± 0.33 min). However, 10 of the 11 participants improved ≥25 s in one of the three RWU conditions (average = 47.6 ± 13.2 s), which was significantly better than (p < 0.05) the control trial (CON). Neither blood lactate nor perceived difficulty was altered by condition. In general, respiratory exchange ratios were significantly lower during the early stages of TTE in all RWU conditions. Our findings suggest RWU efficacy is predicated on identifying optimal inspiration intensity, which clearly differs between individuals. View Full-Text
Keywords: intervals; high-intensity; performance; respiratory; hypoxia; breathing; restriction; hypocapnia; fatigue intervals; high-intensity; performance; respiratory; hypoxia; breathing; restriction; hypocapnia; fatigue
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Thurston, T.S.; Coburn, J.W.; Brown, L.E.; Bartolini, A.; Beaudette, T.L.; Karg, P.; McLeland, K.A.; Arevalo, J.A.; Judelson, D.A.; Galpin, A.J. Effects of Respiratory Muscle Warm-up on High-Intensity Exercise Performance. Sports 2015, 3, 312-324.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sports EISSN 2075-4663 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top