Do Refuge Plants Favour Natural Pest Control in Maize Crops?
AbstractThe use of non-crop plants to provide the resources that herbivorous crop pests’ natural enemies need is being increasingly incorporated into integrated pest management programs. We evaluated insect functional groups found on three refuges consisting of five different plant species each, planted next to a maize crop in Lima, Peru, to investigate which refuge favoured natural control of herbivores considered as pests of maize in Peru, and which refuge plant traits were more attractive to those desirable enemies. Insects occurring in all the plants, including the maize crop itself, were sampled weekly during the crop growing cycle, from February to June 2011. All individuals collected were identified and classified into three functional groups: herbivores, parasitoids, and predators. Refuges were compared based on their effectiveness in enhancing the populations of predator and parasitoid insects of the crop enemies. Refuges A and B were the most effective, showing the highest richness and abundance of both predators and parasitoids, including several insect species that are reported to attack the main insect pests of maize (Spodoptera frugiperda and Rhopalosiphum maidis), as well as other species that serve as alternative hosts of these natural enemies. View Full-Text
- Supplementary File 1:
Supplementary (PDF, 139 KB)
Share & Cite This Article
Quispe, R.; Mazón, M.; Rodríguez-Berrío, A. Do Refuge Plants Favour Natural Pest Control in Maize Crops? Insects 2017, 8, 71.
Quispe R, Mazón M, Rodríguez-Berrío A. Do Refuge Plants Favour Natural Pest Control in Maize Crops? Insects. 2017; 8(3):71.Chicago/Turabian Style
Quispe, Reinaldo; Mazón, Marina; Rodríguez-Berrío, Alexander. 2017. "Do Refuge Plants Favour Natural Pest Control in Maize Crops?" Insects 8, no. 3: 71.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.