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Insects 2017, 8(2), 58; doi:10.3390/insects8020058

Termite Species Distribution and Flight Periods on Oahu, Hawaii

College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources, University of Hawaii at Mānoa, 3050 Maile Way, Gilmore Hall 310, Honolulu, HI 96822, USA
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Academic Editor: Brian Forschler
Received: 13 April 2017 / Revised: 27 May 2017 / Accepted: 1 June 2017 / Published: 5 June 2017
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Abstract

Termites are economically-important structural pests, costing residents of Hawaii over $100 million annually. On Oahu, the last published termite swarming survey occurred from 1969 to 1971, and the last termite hand-collection survey occurred from 1998 to 2000. To contribute data on termite occurrences on Oahu, a light-trap survey took place from February 2011 to September 2012, and a hand-collection survey occurred from September to November 2012. Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki, swarming was compared over the duration of the study, finding peak swarming in May 2011. C. formosanus alate activity density was regressed with environmental factors, finding a negative correlation with average wind speed and a positive correlation with average rainfall. Coptotermes gestroi (Wasmann) alates were observed in April, June, and July 2011 and in June 2012. Four species of termites were found in the hand-collection survey of 44 sites: Incisitermes immigrans (Snyder) (n = 8/44), C. formosanus (n = 2/44), Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light (n = 1/44), and Neotermes sp. (n = 1/44). This study contributes to distribution data for termite species on Oahu and records alate activity for two important termite pests. View Full-Text
Keywords: Coptotermes formosanus; Incisitermes immigrans; swarming; citizen science Coptotermes formosanus; Incisitermes immigrans; swarming; citizen science
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MDPI and ACS Style

Tong, R.L.; Grace, J.K.; Mason, M.; Krushelnycky, P.D.; Spafford, H.; Aihara-Sasaki, M. Termite Species Distribution and Flight Periods on Oahu, Hawaii. Insects 2017, 8, 58.

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