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Insects 2015, 6(2), 514-523; doi:10.3390/insects6020514

Predation of the Peach Aphid Myzus persicae by the mirid Predator Macrolophus pygmaeus on Sweet Peppers: Effect of Prey and Predator Density

1
Entomologie fonctionnelle et évolutive, Gembloux Agro-Bio Tech, University of Liege, 2 Passage des Déportés, Gembloux, 5030, Belgium
2
Centre for Sustainable Agriculture, Lancaster University, Lancaster, LA1, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Brian T. Forschler
Received: 26 March 2015 / Revised: 19 May 2015 / Accepted: 27 May 2015 / Published: 8 June 2015
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Abstract

Integrated Pest Management strategies are widely implemented in sweet peppers. Aphid biological control on sweet pepers includes curative applications of parasitoids and generalist predators, but with limited efficiency. Macrolophus pygmaeus is a zoophytophagous predator which has been reported to predate on aphids, but has traditionally been used to control other pests, including whiteflies. In this work, we evaluate the effectiveness of M. pygmaeus in controlling Myzus persicae (Homoptera: Aphididae) by testing different combinations of aphid and predator densities in cage-experiments under greenhouse conditions. The impact of the presence of an alternative factitious prey (E. kuehniella eggs) was also investigated. Macrolophus pygmaeus, at densities of four individuals/plant, caused rapid decline of newly established aphid populations. When aphid infestations were heavy, the mirid bug reduced the aphid numbers but did not fully eradicate aphid populations. The availability of a factitious prey did not influence M. pygmaeus predation on aphids. Based on our data, preventive application of M. pygmaeus, along with a supplementary food source , is recommended to control early infestations of aphids. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocontrol; predator density; predation; factitious diet; food supplement; pepper plants biocontrol; predator density; predation; factitious diet; food supplement; pepper plants
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

De Backer, L.; Wäckers, F.L.; Francis, F.; Verheggen, F.J. Predation of the Peach Aphid Myzus persicae by the mirid Predator Macrolophus pygmaeus on Sweet Peppers: Effect of Prey and Predator Density. Insects 2015, 6, 514-523.

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