Next Article in Journal
The Influence of Roughness and Pyrethroid Formulations on Bed Bug (Cimex lectularius L.) Resting Preferences
Next Article in Special Issue
Identification of Novel Pesticides for Use against Glasshouse Invertebrate Pests in UK Tomatoes and Peppers
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
The Importance of Maintaining Protected Zone Status against Bemisia tabaci
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Insects 2015, 6(2), 442-454; doi:10.3390/insects6020442

Electrostatic Insect Sweeper for Eliminating Whiteflies Colonizing Host Plants: A Complementary Pest Control Device in An Electric Field Screen-Guarded Greenhouse

1
Plant Center, Institute of Advanced Technology, Kinki University, Wakayama 644-0025, Japan
2
Laboratory of Phytoprotection Science and Technology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kinki University, Nara 631-8505, Japan
3
Pharmaceutical Research and Technology Institute, Kinki University, Osaka 577-8502, Japan
4
Research Institute of Environment, Agriculture and Fisheries, Osaka Prefecture, Osaka 583-0862, Japan
5
Research and Development Division, Kagome Co., Ltd., Tochigi 329-2762, Japan
6
Technical Development Unit, Panasonic Environmental Systems and Engineering Co., Ltd., Osaka 564-0062, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrew G. S. Cuthbertson
Received: 16 February 2015 / Revised: 30 April 2015 / Accepted: 5 May 2015 / Published: 12 May 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Pest Control in Glasshouses)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [757 KB, uploaded 12 May 2015]   |  

Abstract

Our greenhouse tomatoes have suffered from attacks by viruliferous whiteflies Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius) (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) over the last 10 years. The fundamental countermeasure was the application of an electric field screen to the greenhouse windows to prevent their entry. However, while the protection was effective, it was incomplete, because of the lack of a guard at the greenhouse entrance area; in fact, the pests entered from the entrance door when workers entered and exited. To address this, we developed a portable electrostatic insect sweeper as a supplementary technique to the screen. In this sweeper, eight insulated conductor wires (ICWs) were arranged at constant intervals along a polyvinylchloride (PVC) pipe and covered with a cylindrical stainless net. The ICWs and metal net were linked to a DC voltage generator (operated by 3-V alkaline batteries) inside the grip and oppositely electrified to generate an electric field between them. Whiteflies on the plants were attracted to the sweeper that was gently slid along the leaves. This apparatus was easy to operate on-site in a greenhouse and enabled capture of the whiteflies detected during the routine care of the tomato plants. Using this apparatus, we caught all whiteflies that invaded the non-guarded entrance door and minimized the appearance and spread of the viral disease in tomato plants in the greenhouse. View Full-Text
Keywords: TYLCV; greenhouse pests; physical pest control TYLCV; greenhouse pests; physical pest control
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Supplementary materials

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Takikawa, Y.; Matsuda, Y.; Kakutani, K.; Nonomura, T.; Kusakari, S.-I.; Okada, K.; Kimbara, J.; Osamura, K.; Toyoda, H. Electrostatic Insect Sweeper for Eliminating Whiteflies Colonizing Host Plants: A Complementary Pest Control Device in An Electric Field Screen-Guarded Greenhouse. Insects 2015, 6, 442-454.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top