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Does Patriline Composition Change over a Honey Bee Queen’s Lifetime?
Department of Pharmaceutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Av. Carlos Chagas Filho, 373, CCS, Bloco Bss 31, University City, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, CEP: 21.941-902, Brazil
Karl-Franzens-University Graz, Universitätsplatz 2, A-8010 Graz, Austria
CNRS, Laboratoire Evolution, Génomes et Spéciation, UPR 9034, CNRS, 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette cedex, France and Université Paris-Sud 11, 91405 Orsay cedex, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 July 2012; in revised form: 27 August 2012 / Accepted: 30 August 2012 / Published: 13 September 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Honey Bee
Abstract: A honey bee queen mates with a number of drones a few days after she emerges as an adult. Spermatozoa of different drones are stored in her spermatheca and used for the rest of the queen’s life to fertilize eggs. Sperm usage is thought to be random, so that the patriline distribution within a honey bee colony would remain constant over time. In this study we assigned the progeny of a naturally mated honey bee queen to patrilines using microsatellite markers at the queen’s age of two, three and four years. No significant changes in patriline distribution occurred within each of two foraging seasons, with samples taken one and five months apart, respectively. Overall and pair-wise comparisons between the three analyzed years reached significant levels. Over the three-year period we found a trend for patrilines to become more equally represented with time. It is important to note that this study was performed with a single queen, and thus individual and population variation in sperm usage patterns must be assessed. We discuss long-term changes in patriline composition due to mixing processes in the queen’s spermatheca, following incomplete mixing of different drones’ sperm after mating.
Keywords: Apis mellifera; patriline; polyandry; spermatheca; sperm mixing; sperm competition; sperm precedence; sperm usage
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Cite This Article
MDPI and ACS Style
Brodschneider, R.; Arnold, G.; Hrassnigg, N.; Crailsheim, K. Does Patriline Composition Change over a Honey Bee Queen’s Lifetime? Insects 2012, 3, 857-869.
Brodschneider R, Arnold G, Hrassnigg N, Crailsheim K. Does Patriline Composition Change over a Honey Bee Queen’s Lifetime? Insects. 2012; 3(3):857-869.
Brodschneider, Robert; Arnold, Gérard; Hrassnigg, Norbert; Crailsheim, Karl. 2012. "Does Patriline Composition Change over a Honey Bee Queen’s Lifetime?" Insects 3, no. 3: 857-869.