Insects 2012, 3(3), 719-726; doi:10.3390/insects3030719
Article

Screening Commercially Available Entomopathogenic Biocontrol Agents for the Control of Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in the UK

The Food and Environment Research Agency, National Bee Unit, Sand Hutton, York YO41 1LZ, UK
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 July 2012; in revised form: 24 July 2012 / Accepted: 6 August 2012 / Published: 9 August 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Honey Bee)
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Abstract: The Small hive beetle, Aethina tumida, is an invasive pest of honey bees. Indigenous to sub-Saharan Africa, it has now become established in North America and Australia. It represents a serious threat to European honey bees. Commercially available entomopathogenic agents were screened for their potential to control beetle larvae. Entomopathogenic fungi investigated had minimal impact. The nematodes Steinernema kraussei and S. carpocapsae provided excellent control with 100% mortality of larvae being obtained. Sequential applications of the nematodes following larvae entering sand to pupate also provided excellent control for up to 3 weeks. The information gained supports the development of contingency plans to deal with A. tumida should it occur in the UK, and is relevant to the management of Small hive beetle where it is already present.
Keywords: Aethina tumida; Apis mellifera; biological control; entomopathogenic agents

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MDPI and ACS Style

Cuthbertson, A.G.S.; Mathers, J.J.; Blackburn, L.F.; Powell, M.E.; Marris, G.; Pietravalle, S.; Brown, M.A.; Budge, G.E. Screening Commercially Available Entomopathogenic Biocontrol Agents for the Control of Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in the UK. Insects 2012, 3, 719-726.

AMA Style

Cuthbertson AGS, Mathers JJ, Blackburn LF, Powell ME, Marris G, Pietravalle S, Brown MA, Budge GE. Screening Commercially Available Entomopathogenic Biocontrol Agents for the Control of Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in the UK. Insects. 2012; 3(3):719-726.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Cuthbertson, Andrew G. S.; Mathers, James J.; Blackburn, Lisa F.; Powell, Michelle E.; Marris, Gay; Pietravalle, Stephane; Brown, Mike A.; Budge, Giles E. 2012. "Screening Commercially Available Entomopathogenic Biocontrol Agents for the Control of Aethina tumida (Coleoptera: Nitidulidae) in the UK." Insects 3, no. 3: 719-726.

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