Next Article in Journal
Next Article in Special Issue
Previous Article in Journal
Previous Article in Special Issue
Insects 2012, 3(1), 91-119; doi:10.3390/insects3010091
Review

Polydnaviruses of Parasitic Wasps: Domestication of Viruses To Act as Gene Delivery Vectors

*  and *
Received: 22 November 2011; in revised form: 7 January 2012 / Accepted: 16 January 2012 / Published: 31 January 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Symbiosis: A Source of Evolutionary Innovation in Insects)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [541 KB, uploaded 31 January 2012]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: Symbiosis is a common phenomenon in which associated organisms can cooperate in ways that increase their ability to survive, reproduce, or utilize hostile environments. Here, we discuss polydnavirus symbionts of parasitic wasps. These viruses are novel in two ways: (1) they have become non-autonomous domesticated entities that cannot replicate outside of wasps; and (2) they function as a delivery vector of genes that ensure successful parasitism of host insects that wasps parasitize. In this review we discuss how these novelties may have arisen, which genes are potentially involved, and what the consequences have been for genome evolution.
Keywords: symbiosis; parasitoid; evolution symbiosis; parasitoid; evolution
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Burke, G.R.; Strand, M.R. Polydnaviruses of Parasitic Wasps: Domestication of Viruses To Act as Gene Delivery Vectors. Insects 2012, 3, 91-119.

AMA Style

Burke GR, Strand MR. Polydnaviruses of Parasitic Wasps: Domestication of Viruses To Act as Gene Delivery Vectors. Insects. 2012; 3(1):91-119.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Burke, Gaelen R.; Strand, Michael R. 2012. "Polydnaviruses of Parasitic Wasps: Domestication of Viruses To Act as Gene Delivery Vectors." Insects 3, no. 1: 91-119.

Insects EISSN 2075-4450 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert