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The Efficacy of Organo-Complex-Based Wood Preservative Formula Against Dry-Wood Termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light
Research and Development Unit for Biomaterials, Indonesian Institute of Sciences (LIPI), Bogor 16911, Indonesia
PT. Karuna Sumber Jaya, Cileungsi, Bogor 16820, Indonesia
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 August 2011; in revised form: 2 November 2011 / Accepted: 3 November 2011 / Published: 15 November 2011
Abstract: The utilization of pesticides often leaves residues which potentially pollute the environment. This journal issue has been encouraging some researchers to find an environmentally friendly insecticide by a cheaper wood preservative method. The International Standard for Phytosanitary Measures 15 (ISPM 15)  that is adopted in wood packaging protection in Europe is not suitable for tropical countries like Indonesia. Therefore, the treatment by Organo-Complex-based wood preservation, which consists of copper chromium combined with natural organic compounds, is proposed for effective treatment at a lower cost. The bioassay test was subjected to dry wood termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light. The result showed that wood materials treated by 10 ppm Organo-Complex formula gave good results which were indicated by the low consumption and the fast termination of the termites. The toxicity analysis of C-C organic compound solution is classified as grade IV (WHO, 2003) , or not harmful. Analysis of the residual content four weeks after the spraying treatment showed a significant reduction in the inorganic content (copper chromate complex), in the range of 35%, and in extracts of natural materials (natural extracts), above 80%.
Keywords: Organo-Complex formula; dry-wood termite; Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light
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Ismayati, M.; Setiawan, K.H.; Tarmadi, D.; Zulfiana, D.; Yusuf, S.; Santoso, B. The Efficacy of Organo-Complex-Based Wood Preservative Formula Against Dry-Wood Termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light. Insects 2011, 2, 491-498.
Ismayati M, Setiawan KH, Tarmadi D, Zulfiana D, Yusuf S, Santoso B. The Efficacy of Organo-Complex-Based Wood Preservative Formula Against Dry-Wood Termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light. Insects. 2011; 2(4):491-498.
Ismayati, Maya; Setiawan, Khoirul Himmi; Tarmadi, Didi; Zulfiana, Deni; Yusuf, Sulaeman; Santoso, Budi. 2011. "The Efficacy of Organo-Complex-Based Wood Preservative Formula Against Dry-Wood Termite Cryptotermes cynocephalus Light." Insects 2, no. 4: 491-498.