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Relationships of Helicoverpa armigera, Ostrinia nubilalis and Fusarium verticillioides on MON 810 Maize
Plant Protection Institute, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Herman Ottó u. 15., H-1022 Budapest, Hungary
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 20 December 2010; in revised form: 14 January 2011 / Accepted: 19 January 2011 / Published: 20 January 2011
Abstract: MON 810 maize was developed against Ostrinia nubilalis and is suggested to indirectly decrease Fusarium spp. infestation in maize ears. To evaluate this effect, co-occurrence of insect and fungal pests on MON 810 maize was studied. During 2009, exceptionally high maize ear infestation occurred in Julianna-major (Hungary). From investigation of some thousands of maize ears, the majority of the larval damage originated from Helicoverpa armigera larvae, while O. nubilalis larvae contributed significant damage only at a single plot. Fusarium verticillioides infection appeared only in a small portion (~20–30%) of the insect damaged cobs. H. armigera and O. nubilalis larvae feeding on F. verticillioides mycelia can distribute its conidia with their fecal pellets. MON 810 maize showed 100% efficacy against O. nubilalis in the stem, but lower efficacy against O. nubilalis and H. armigera in maize ears. The ~Cry1Ab toxin content of maize silk, the entry site of H. armigera, was lower than that in the leaves/stem/husk leaves of MON 810. Fusarium-infected MON 810 cobs are rarely found and only after larval damage by O. nubilalis. H. armigera larvae could not tolerate well F. verticillioides infected food and attempted to move out from the infected cobs. For further feeding they re-entered the maize ears through the 8–12 husk leaves, but in the case of the MON 810 variety, they usually could not reach the kernels. Apical damage on cobs resulted in only a minor (about one-tenth of the cob) decrease in yield.
Keywords: Ostrinia nubilalis; Helicoverpa armigera; Fusarium verticillioides; MON 810; yield loss
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Darvas, B.; Bánáti, H.; Takács, E.; Lauber, É.; Szécsi, Á.; Székács, A. Relationships of Helicoverpa armigera, Ostrinia nubilalis and Fusarium verticillioides on MON 810 Maize. Insects 2011, 2, 1-11.
Darvas B, Bánáti H, Takács E, Lauber É, Szécsi Á, Székács A. Relationships of Helicoverpa armigera, Ostrinia nubilalis and Fusarium verticillioides on MON 810 Maize. Insects. 2011; 2(1):1-11.
Darvas, Béla; Bánáti, Hajnalka; Takács, Eszter; Lauber, Éva; Szécsi, Árpád; Székács, András. 2011. "Relationships of Helicoverpa armigera, Ostrinia nubilalis and Fusarium verticillioides on MON 810 Maize." Insects 2, no. 1: 1-11.