Next Article in Journal
Employing Acoustic Emission for Monitoring Oil Film Regimes
Next Article in Special Issue
On the Interactions of Additives in Metalworking Fluids with Metal Surfaces
Previous Article in Journal
Nanotribological Behavior of Carbon Based Thin Films: Friction and Lubricity Mechanisms at the Nanoscale
Lubricants 2013, 1(2), 48-60; doi:10.3390/lubricants1020048
Article

Interaction between Lubricants Containing Phosphate Ester Additives and Stainless Steels

* ,
 and
Received: 6 April 2013; in revised form: 16 April 2013 / Accepted: 25 April 2013 / Published: 17 May 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Additives for Lubricants)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4252 KB, uploaded 17 May 2013]   |   Browse Figures
Abstract: One way to improve fuel efficiency in today’s jet aircraft engines is to create an environment for higher operating temperatures and speeds. New and improved lubricants and bearing materials must be developed to remain stable in these elevated operating temperatures. Three lubricants, with varying amounts of tricresyl phosphate added as an anti-wear/extreme pressure additive were tested on two different stainless steels at varying temperatures ranging from 300 °C to 350 °C in vacuum. Significant decomposition of the lubricant base-stocks and the phosphate ester additive did occur in most of the trials resulting in the formation of carboxylic acids and phenols. In these cases a film containing phosphorus was deposited onto the stainless steel substrate.
Keywords: 440C Stainless Steel; phosphate ester; surface deposition; synthetic lubricant; decomposition 440C Stainless Steel; phosphate ester; surface deposition; synthetic lubricant; decomposition
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

Johnson, D.W.; Bachus, M.; Hils, J.E. Interaction between Lubricants Containing Phosphate Ester Additives and Stainless Steels. Lubricants 2013, 1, 48-60.

AMA Style

Johnson DW, Bachus M, Hils JE. Interaction between Lubricants Containing Phosphate Ester Additives and Stainless Steels. Lubricants. 2013; 1(2):48-60.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Johnson, David W.; Bachus, Matthew; Hils, John E. 2013. "Interaction between Lubricants Containing Phosphate Ester Additives and Stainless Steels." Lubricants 1, no. 2: 48-60.


Lubricants EISSN 2075-4442 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert