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On the Interactions of Additives in Metalworking Fluids with Metal Surfaces
WISURA GmbH, Am Gaswerk 2, Bremen 28197, Germany
Foundation Institute of Materials Science, Badgasteiner Street 3, Bremen 28359, Germany
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 4 September 2013; in revised form: 27 September 2013 / Accepted: 8 October 2013 / Published: 15 November 2013
Abstract: Metalworking fluids (MWF) play a significant role in manufacturing processes, such as machining or forming. Consequently, a high number of MWF with varying chemical composition are commercially available. However, the working mechanisms of the MWF are still object of discussion in science and application. This paper addresses the possible interactions of additives with metal surfaces taking the characteristic conditions in machining and forming processes as well as the chemical properties of the surface and the additives into account. The new model for possible interaction of additives with the metal surface is considered and supported by experimental data. This new model does not imply reaction layers as tribological active layer anymore.
Keywords: metalworking fluids; lubricants; additives; interactions; surfaces
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MDPI and ACS Style
Schulz, J.; Brinksmeier, E.; Meyer, D. On the Interactions of Additives in Metalworking Fluids with Metal Surfaces. Lubricants 2013, 1, 75-94.
Schulz J, Brinksmeier E, Meyer D. On the Interactions of Additives in Metalworking Fluids with Metal Surfaces. Lubricants. 2013; 1(4):75-94.
Schulz, Joachim; Brinksmeier, Ekkard; Meyer, Daniel. 2013. "On the Interactions of Additives in Metalworking Fluids with Metal Surfaces." Lubricants 1, no. 4: 75-94.