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Water 2017, 9(5), 353; doi:10.3390/w9050353

Reversed Currents in Charged Liquid Bridges

1
Münster University of Applied Sciences, Stegerwaldstrasse 39, 48565 Steinfurt, Germany
2
International Institute of Physics (IIP), Av. Odilon Gomes de Lima 1722, 59078-400 Natal, Brazil
3
Max-Planck-Institute for the Physics of Complex Systems, 01187 Dresden, Germany
Academic Editors: Elmar Christof Fuchs, Jakob Woisetschläger, Adam D. Wexler and Astrid H. Paulitsch-Fuchs
Received: 24 March 2017 / Revised: 10 May 2017 / Accepted: 15 May 2017 / Published: 17 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrohydrodynamic Liquid Bridges and Electrified Water)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [4650 KB, uploaded 17 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

The velocity profile in a water bridge is reanalyzed. Assuming hypothetically that the bulk charge has a radial distribution, a surface potential is formed that is analogous to the Zeta potential. The Navier–Stokes equation is solved, neglecting the convective term; then, analytically and for special field and potential ranges, a sign change of the total mass flow is reported caused by the radial charge distribution. View Full-Text
Keywords: classical transport; electrokinetic effects; electrohydrodynamics; electrorheological fluids; Navier–Stokes equations classical transport; electrokinetic effects; electrohydrodynamics; electrorheological fluids; Navier–Stokes equations
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Morawetz, K. Reversed Currents in Charged Liquid Bridges. Water 2017, 9, 353.

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