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Addendum published on 17 June 2017, see Water 2017, 9(6), 436.

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Water 2017, 9(5), 339; doi:10.3390/w9050339

Water Bridging Dynamics of Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Gauge Theory Paradigm of Quantum Fields

1
World Foundation for AIDS Research and Prevention, 75015 Paris, France
2
Nanectis Biotechnologies, 78350 Jouy-en-Josas, France
3
Dipartimento di Fisica “E.R. Caianiello”, Universitá di Salerno and INFN, 84084 Fisciano (Salerno), Italy
4
Departments of Psychology and Neuroscience, Computer Science, and Clinical Immunology, and Clinical Systems Biology Group, Institute for Neuro-Immune Medicine, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL 33314, USA
5
National Human Genome Center and Department of Medicine, Howard University College of Medicine, Washington, DC 20059, USA
6
Computational Physics Laboratory, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA
7
Dipartimento di Scienze e Tecnologie, Universitá del Sannio, 82100 Benevento, Italy
8
SPIN-CNR, Universitá di Salerno, 84084 Fisciano (SA), Italy
9
WHITE Holographic Bioresonance, Milano, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Astrid H. Paulitsch-Fuchs
Received: 16 February 2017 / Revised: 29 April 2017 / Accepted: 2 May 2017 / Published: 11 May 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Electrohydrodynamic Liquid Bridges and Electrified Water)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [1641 KB, uploaded 12 May 2017]   |  

Abstract

We discuss the role of water bridging the DNA-enzyme interaction by resorting to recent results showing that London dispersion forces between delocalized electrons of base pairs of DNA are responsible for the formation of dipole modes that can be recognized by Taq polymerase. We describe the dynamic origin of the high efficiency and precise targeting of Taq activity in PCR. The spatiotemporal distribution of interaction couplings, frequencies, amplitudes, and phase modulations comprise a pattern of fields which constitutes the electromagnetic image of DNA in the surrounding water, which is what the polymerase enzyme actually recognizes in the DNA water environment. The experimental realization of PCR amplification, achieved through replacement of the DNA template by the treatment of pure water with electromagnetic signals recorded from viral and bacterial DNA solutions, is found consistent with the gauge theory paradigm of quantum fields. View Full-Text
Keywords: water bridging; dipole waves; coherent states; polymerase chain reaction; DNA amplification; DNA transduction; enzyme catalytic activity; fractal-like self-similarity water bridging; dipole waves; coherent states; polymerase chain reaction; DNA amplification; DNA transduction; enzyme catalytic activity; fractal-like self-similarity
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Montagnier, L.; Aïssa, J.; Capolupo, A.; Craddock, T.J.A.; Kurian, P.; Lavallee, C.; Polcari, A.; Romano, P.; Tedeschi, A.; Vitiello, G. Water Bridging Dynamics of Polymerase Chain Reaction in the Gauge Theory Paradigm of Quantum Fields. Water 2017, 9, 339.

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