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Water 2017, 9(4), 296; doi:10.3390/w9040296

Pluvial Flooding in European Cities—A Continental Approach to Urban Flood Modelling

1
Newcastle University School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences, NE1 7RU Newcastle upon Tyne, UK
2
Willis Research Network, 51 Lime St., EC3M 7DQ London, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marco Franchini
Received: 8 February 2017 / Revised: 6 April 2017 / Accepted: 18 April 2017 / Published: 22 April 2017
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Abstract

Pluvial flooding is caused by localized intense rainfall and the flood models used to assess it are normally applied on a city (or part of a city) scale using local rainfall records and a high resolution digital elevation model (DEM). Here, we attempt to model pluvial flooding on a continental scale and calculate the percentage of area flooded for all European cities for a 10-year return period for hourly rainfall (RP10). Difficulties in obtaining hourly rainfall records compromise the estimation of each city RP10 and the Europe-wide DEM spatial resolution is low relative to those typically used for individual case-studies. Nevertheless, the modelling capabilities and necessary computing power make this type of continental study now possible. This is a first attempt at continental city flooding modelling and our methodology was designed so that our results can easily be updated as better/more data becomes available. The results for each city depend on the interplay of rainfall intensity, the elevation map of the city and the flow paths that are created. In general, cities with lower percentage of city flooded are in the north and west coastal areas of Europe, while the higher percentages are seen in continental and Mediterranean areas. View Full-Text
Keywords: pluvial flooding; city flooding; urban flooding; Europe pluvial flooding; city flooding; urban flooding; Europe
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Guerreiro, S.B.; Glenis, V.; Dawson, R.J.; Kilsby, C. Pluvial Flooding in European Cities—A Continental Approach to Urban Flood Modelling. Water 2017, 9, 296.

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