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Water 2017, 9(4), 266; doi:10.3390/w9040266

Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter in Deep Geothermal Water from Different Burial Depths Based on Three-Dimensional Fluorescence Spectra

1
Institute of Resources& Environment, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
2
School of Surveying and Land Information Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo 454000, China
3
China PingmeiShenma Group, Institute of Energy and Chemical Industry, Pingdingshan 467000, China
4
Collaborative Innovation Center of Coalbed Methane and Shale Gas for Central Plains Economic Region, Jiaozuo 454000, China
5
Xi’an Research Institute of coal science and Industry Group, Xi’an 710054, China
6
Office of Water Conservation in Kaifeng, Kaifeng 475002, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: David Polya
Received: 30 December 2016 / Revised: 21 March 2017 / Accepted: 31 March 2017 / Published: 17 April 2017
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Abstract

Dissolved organic matter (DOM) plays an important role in the chemical evolution of groundwater. Thus, in order to understand the composition and characteristics of DOM in groundwater, analyzed 31geothermal water samples from five aquifers (i.e., between 600 m and 1600 m) in the city of Kaifeng were analyzed and the results were compared in order to clarify their spatial distribution, characteristics, sources, and environmental influences. Results show that as the depth of a thermal reservoir increases, the ultraviolet absorption (UV254) of geothermal water does not change significantly, the concentration of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) gradually increases with depth, and the fluorescence intensity of DOM remains weak. Some differences are also evident with regard to the location and intensity of geothermal water sample DOM fluorescence peaks depending on thermal reservoir. The results of this study show that the main source of DOM in geothermal water is endogenous, derived from high stability organic matter derived from sedimentary processes and associated microbial activity. Within the three geothermal reservoir depth ranges, 600 m to 800 m, 800 m to 1000 m, and 1000 m to 1200 m, DOM components were mainly protein-like as well as soluble microbial metabolites. However, at deeper depths, within the 1200 m to 1400 m and 1400 m to 1600 m thermal reservoirs, the proportion of protein-like components in DOM decreased, while the ratio fulvic-like and humic-like components increased, leading to changes in the positions of fluorescence peaks. Finally, our results demonstrate a close relationship between the intensity of fluorescence peaks, suggesting that a number of fluorescent components may share a common source. View Full-Text
Keywords: geothermal water; dissolved organic matter; three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy; fluorescence intensity geothermal water; dissolved organic matter; three-dimensional fluorescence spectroscopy; fluorescence intensity
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Qiao, W.; Wang, X.; Liu, X.; Zhen, X.; Guo, J.; Wang, S.; Yang, F.; Chen, G.; Zhang, B. Characterization of Dissolved Organic Matter in Deep Geothermal Water from Different Burial Depths Based on Three-Dimensional Fluorescence Spectra. Water 2017, 9, 266.

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