Estimation of Probable Maximum Precipitation in Korea using a Regional Climate Model
AbstractExtreme precipitation events have been extensively applied to the design of social infra structures. Thus, a method to more scientifically estimate the extreme event is required. This paper suggests a method to estimate the extreme precipitation in Korea using a regional climate model. First, several historical extreme events are identified and the most extreme event of Typhoon Rusa (2002) is selected. Second, the selected event is reconstructed through the Weather Research and Forecasting (WRF) model, one of the Regional Climate Models (RCMs). Third, the reconstructed event is maximized by adjusting initial and boundary conditions. Finally, the Probable Maximum Precipitation (PMP) is obtained. The WRF could successfully simulate the observed precipitation in terms of spatial and temporal distribution (R2 = 0.81). The combination of the WRF Single-Moment (WSM 6-class graupel scheme (of microphysics), the Betts-Miller-Janjic scheme (of cumulus parameterization) and the Mellor-Yamada-Janjic Turbulent Kinetic Energy (TKE) scheme (of planetary boundary layer) was determined to be the best combination to reconstruct Typhoon Rusa. The estimated PMP (RCM_PMP) was compared with the existing PMP. The RCM_PMP was generally in good agreement with the PMP. The suggested methodology is expected to provide assessments of the existing PMP and to provide a new alternative for estimating PMP. View Full-Text
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Lee, J.; Choi, J.; Lee, O.; Yoon, J.; Kim, S. Estimation of Probable Maximum Precipitation in Korea using a Regional Climate Model. Water 2017, 9, 240.
Lee J, Choi J, Lee O, Yoon J, Kim S. Estimation of Probable Maximum Precipitation in Korea using a Regional Climate Model. Water. 2017; 9(4):240.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lee, Jeonghoon; Choi, Jeonghyeon; Lee, Okjeong; Yoon, Jaeyoung; Kim, Sangdan. 2017. "Estimation of Probable Maximum Precipitation in Korea using a Regional Climate Model." Water 9, no. 4: 240.
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