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Water 2017, 9(1), 67; doi:10.3390/w9010067

Mg2+-Based Method for the Pertuso Spring Discharge Evaluation

DICEA—Department of Civil, Building and Environmental Engineering, Sapienza University of Rome, Rome 00184, Italy
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Academic Editors: Robert Puls and Robert Powell
Received: 27 October 2016 / Revised: 24 December 2016 / Accepted: 18 January 2017 / Published: 23 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Groundwater Monitoring and Remediation)
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Abstract

This paper deals with the Environmental Monitoring Plan concerning the catchment work project of the Pertuso karst spring, which is going to be exploited to supply an important drinking water network in the south part of Roma district. The Pertuso Spring, located in the Upper Valley of the Aniene River, is the main outlet of a large karst aquifer, which is one of the most important water resources in the southeast part of Latium Region, Central Italy, used for drinking, agriculture, and hydroelectric supplies. The environmental monitoring activities provided data about one spring and two cross-sections of the Aniene River, from July 2014 to May 2016. A combined approach based on discharge measurements and hydrogeochemical analysis has been used to study flow paths and groundwater–surface water interaction in the study area. Tracer methods are particularly suitable in hydrogeological studies to assess transit times and flow properties in karst aquifers. The analysis of solute contents in the sampling points brought forth the identification of the Mg2+ ion as a conservative tracer in this specific system and, consequently, to the development of a conceptual model based on chemical mass balance for the Pertuso Spring discharge evaluation. View Full-Text
Keywords: aquifer; karst spring; discharge; environmental tracer; magnesium aquifer; karst spring; discharge; environmental tracer; magnesium
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Sappa, G.; Ferranti, F.; De Filippi, F.M.; Cardillo, G. Mg2+-Based Method for the Pertuso Spring Discharge Evaluation. Water 2017, 9, 67.

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