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Water 2017, 9(1), 42; doi:10.3390/w9010042

Impact of Volcanic Eruptions on the Occurrence of PAHs Compounds in the Aquatic Ecosystem of the Southern Part of West Spitsbergen (Hornsund Fjord, Svalbard)

1
Department of Analytical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Gdansk University of Technology, 11/12 Narutowicza Street, Gdansk 80-233, Poland
2
Centre for Polar Studies KNOW, Faculty of Earth Sciences, University of Silesia, 60 Bedzinska Street, Sosnowiec 41-200, Poland
3
Institute of Geophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 64 Księcia Janusza Street, Warsaw 01-452, Poland
4
Department of Geomorphology, Jagiellonian University, 7 Gronostajowa Street, Krakow 30-387, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Maria Filomena Camões
Received: 17 June 2016 / Revised: 17 December 2016 / Accepted: 27 December 2016 / Published: 10 January 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Emerging Contaminants: Occurrence, Fate and Transport, and Removal)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [9328 KB, uploaded 10 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

The paper presents changes in concentration levels of dioxin-like compounds that can be observed over the course of four study seasons in water samples collected from the Arctic watershed of Svalbard. The conducted analysis involved anthropogenic and natural factors that may affect the concentration of PAHs in the study samples of water. An attempt is made to indicate the emission source of the compounds being deposited and to identify the extent to which the substances under analysis actually affect the Arctic ecosystems. Moreover, the work employs the following: diagnostic ratios PAHs, air masses backward trajectory analysis, Lidar observations and land relief analysis in order to provide a multi-level interpretation of the obtained data. Natural environment constitutes a complex system of subtle correlations that need to be perceived as a dynamic medium, in which multi-faceted processes take place. View Full-Text
Keywords: polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; volcanic eruptions; cross-border pollution; arctic watersheds; Svalbard polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon; volcanic eruptions; cross-border pollution; arctic watersheds; Svalbard
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Kozak, K.; Ruman, M.; Kosek, K.; Karasiński, G.; Stachnik, Ł.; Polkowska, Ż. Impact of Volcanic Eruptions on the Occurrence of PAHs Compounds in the Aquatic Ecosystem of the Southern Part of West Spitsbergen (Hornsund Fjord, Svalbard). Water 2017, 9, 42.

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