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Water 2017, 9(1), 30; doi:10.3390/w9010030

Impact of Water Scarcity on the Fenhe River Basin and Mitigation Strategies

1
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
2
College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056038, China
3
College of Water Resources & Civil Engineering, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100094, China
4
Dalian Waterwood Engineering Co., Ltd., Dalian 116021, China
5
Water and Environmental Management Research Centre, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Bristol, Bristol BS8 1TR, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Athanasios Loukas
Received: 9 October 2016 / Revised: 29 December 2016 / Accepted: 30 December 2016 / Published: 6 January 2017
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [3127 KB, uploaded 6 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

This study produced a drought map for the Fenhe River basin covering the period from 150 BC to 2012 using regional historical drought records. Based on meteorological and hydrological features, the characteristics and causes of water scarcity in the Fenhe River basin were examined, along with their impact on the national economy and ecological environment. The effects of water scarcity in the basin on the national economy were determined from agricultural, industrial, and domestic perspectives. The impact on aquatic ecosystems was ascertained through an evolution trend analysis of surface water systems, including rivers, wetlands, and slope ecosystems, and subterranean water systems, including groundwater and karst springs. As a result of these analyses, strategies are presented for coping with water scarcity in this basin, including engineering countermeasures, such as the construction of a water network in Shanxi, and the non-engineering approach of groundwater resource preservation. These comprehensive coping strategies are proposed with the aim of assisting the prevention and control of water scarcity in the arid and semi-arid areas of China. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fenhe River basin; water scarcity; ecosystem; impact; mitigation strategies Fenhe River basin; water scarcity; ecosystem; impact; mitigation strategies
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Shao, W.; Cai, J.; Liu, J.; Luan, Q.; Mao, X.; Yang, G.; Wang, J.; Zhang, H.; Zhang, J. Impact of Water Scarcity on the Fenhe River Basin and Mitigation Strategies. Water 2017, 9, 30.

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