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Water 2016, 8(8), 342; doi:10.3390/w8080342

Measuring the Sustainability of Water Plans in Inter-Regional Spanish River Basins

Department of Economics, Pablo de Olavide University, Ctra. de Utrera, km. 1, 41013 Seville, Spain
The authors contributed equally to this work.
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Giacomo Zanni, Davide Viaggi and Meri Raggi
Received: 30 April 2016 / Revised: 2 August 2016 / Accepted: 5 August 2016 / Published: 11 August 2016
(This article belongs to the Collection Water Policy Collection)
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Abstract

This paper analyses and compares the sustainability of the water plans in the Spanish River basins according to the objectives of the Water Framework Directive. Even though the concept of sustainability has been traditionally associated with the triple bottom line framework, composed of economic, environmental, and social dimensions, in this paper sustainability has been enlarged by including governance aspects. Two multicriteria decision analysis approaches are proposed to aggregate the sustainability dimensions. Results show that the environmental dimension plays the most important role in the whole sustainability (40%) of water basins, followed by both economic and social criteria (25%). By contrast, the dimension of governance is the least important for sustainability (11%). A classification of the Spanish basins according to their sustainability indicates that the water agency with the highest sustainability is Western Cantabrian, followed by Eastern Cantabrian and Tagus. By contrast, Minho-Sil, Jucar, and Douro are the least sustainable. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; Water Framework Directive; integral water management; multicriteria decision analysis; water policy design sustainability; Water Framework Directive; integral water management; multicriteria decision analysis; water policy design
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Borrego-Marín, M.M.; Riesgo, L. Measuring the Sustainability of Water Plans in Inter-Regional Spanish River Basins. Water 2016, 8, 342.

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