Next Article in Journal
A Long-Term Study of Ecological Impacts of River Channelization on the Population of an Endangered Fish: Lessons Learned for Assessment and Restoration
Previous Article in Journal
A New Practical Method to Simulate Flood-Induced Bridge Pier Scour—A Case Study of Mingchu Bridge Piers on the Cho-Shui River
Article Menu

Export Article

Erratum published on 12 January 2017, see Water 2017, 9(1), 45.

Open AccessArticle
Water 2016, 8(6), 241; doi:10.3390/w8060241

Characterization and Sorptivity of the Plesiomonas shigelloides Strain and Its Potential Use to Remove Cd2+ from Wastewater

1,2
,
1,2,* , 3
and
1,2
1
State Key Laboratory of Urban Water Resource and Environment, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
3
Institute of Nature Resources and Ecology, Heilongjiang Academy of Sciences, Harbin 150040, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 20 April 2016 / Revised: 26 May 2016 / Accepted: 30 May 2016 / Published: 3 June 2016
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2715 KB, uploaded 19 January 2017]   |  

Abstract

In this study, the ability of adsorbing Cd2+ ions of Plesiomonas shigelloides was discovered. Herein, the method and mechanisms of adsorbing Cd2+ ions from aqueous solutions is discussed. The cadmium-resistant bacterium was collected from the sediment of Harbin section of the Songhua River in China, and then isolated, identified and characterized. The isolated strain was identified as Plesiomonas shigelloides H5 on the basis of morphological and biochemical characteristics, the sequencing of the 16SrDNA gene, and phylogeny analysis. P. shigelloides H5 was Gram-negative and bacillus. Maximum tolerance concentration (MTC) of the strain was 150 mg/L. The maximum adsorption rate and adsorption amounts was 42.71% ± 0.88% and 106.775 ± 2.325 mg/g when dried biomass was presented in a 50 mg/L Cd2+ solution. Dried biomass was in accordance with Lagergren pseudo-second-order models. A field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), an energy dispersive X-ray spectrometer (EDX), and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analyses were applied to identify the surface morphology and functional groups. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) results showed that Cd2+ was also absorbed into cells to form precipitates. The results revealed that the surface functional groups of P. shigelloides H5 can bind to heavy metal ions. To sum up, the ability of adsorbing cadmium ions of Plesiomonas shigelloides was discovered, which might be helpful in wastewater treatment in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: cadmium removal; Plesiomonas shigelloides; biosorption; bioremediation cadmium removal; Plesiomonas shigelloides; biosorption; bioremediation
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Xue, C.; Qi, P.; Li, M.; Liu, Y. Characterization and Sorptivity of the Plesiomonas shigelloides Strain and Its Potential Use to Remove Cd2+ from Wastewater. Water 2016, 8, 241.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top