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Water 2016, 8(4), 139; doi:10.3390/w8040139

Agent Based Modelling for Water Resource Allocation in the Transboundary Nile River

1
Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic Engineering, University College London, London WC1E 6BT, UK
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester M15 6BH, UK
3
Department of Mathematics and Statistics, The University of Melbourne, Victoria 3010, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Ashantha Goonetilleke
Received: 10 December 2015 / Revised: 7 March 2016 / Accepted: 1 April 2016 / Published: 7 April 2016
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Abstract

Water resource allocation is the process of assessing and determining a mechanism on how water should be distributed among different regions, sectors and users. Over the recent decades, the optimal solution for water resource allocation has been explored both in centralised and decentralised mechanisms. Conventional approaches are under central planner suggesting a solution which maximises total welfare to the users. Moving towards the decentralised modelling, the techniques consider individuals as if they act selfishly in their own favour. While central planner provides an efficient solution, it may not be acceptable for some selfish agents. The contrary is true as well in decentralised solution, where the solution lacks efficiency leading to an inefficient usage of provided resources. This paper develops a parallel evolutionary search algorithm to introduce a mechanism in re-distributing the central planner revenue value among the competing agents based on their contribution to the central solution. The result maintains the efficiency and is used as an incentive for calculating a fair revenue for each agent. The framework is demonstrated and discussed to allocate water resources along the Nile river basin, where there exist eleven competing users represented as agents in various sectors with upstream-downstream relationships and different water demands and availability. View Full-Text
Keywords: agent based problems; water resource allocation; Nile River; evolutionary algorithm agent based problems; water resource allocation; Nile River; evolutionary algorithm
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Ding, N.; Erfani, R.; Mokhtar, H.; Erfani, T. Agent Based Modelling for Water Resource Allocation in the Transboundary Nile River. Water 2016, 8, 139.

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