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Water 2016, 8(10), 451; doi:10.3390/w8100451

Coupling GIS with Stormwater Modelling for the Location Prioritization and Hydrological Simulation of Permeable Pavements in Urban Catchments

1
GITECO Research Group, Universidad de Cantabria, Av. de los Castros s/n, 39005 Santander, Spain
2
Department of Built Environment, Aalto University School of Engineering, P.O. Box 15200, 00076 Aalto, Finland
3
Centre for Agroecology, Water and Resilience (CAWR), Coventry University, CV1 5FB Coventry, UK
4
Instituto Universitario de Investigación de Ingeniería del Agua y del Medio Ambiente (IIAMA), Universitat Politècnica de València, Cno. de Vera s/n, 46022 Valencia, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Zoran Vojinovic and Michael B. Abbott
Received: 20 August 2016 / Revised: 19 September 2016 / Accepted: 8 October 2016 / Published: 14 October 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Hydroinformatics and Urban Water Systems)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [2814 KB, uploaded 14 October 2016]   |  

Abstract

Permeable Pavement Systems (PPS) are an alternative to conventional paving systems that allow water to filter through their layers instead of running off them. They are structural source control Sustainable Drainage System (SuDS), which can contribute to reducing increased flood risk due to the combination of two of the greatest challenges with which cities will have to deal in the future: urbanization and Climate Change. Hence, this research consisted of the design of a site selection methodology for the location prioritization of PPS in urban catchments, in order to simulate their potential to attenuate flooding caused by severe rainfall events. This was achieved through the coupling of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and stormwater models, whose combination provided a framework for both locating and characterizing PPS. The usefulness of the methodology was tested through a real case study consisting of an urban catchment located in Espoo (southern Finland), which demonstrated that PPS can make a significant difference in the amount of runoff generated in an urban catchment due to intense storms. View Full-Text
Keywords: catchment hydrology; Geographic Information System; Permeable Pavement Systems; site selection; stormwater modelling; Sustainable Drainage Systems catchment hydrology; Geographic Information System; Permeable Pavement Systems; site selection; stormwater modelling; Sustainable Drainage Systems
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Jato-Espino, D.; Sillanpää, N.; Charlesworth, S.M.; Andrés-Doménech, I. Coupling GIS with Stormwater Modelling for the Location Prioritization and Hydrological Simulation of Permeable Pavements in Urban Catchments. Water 2016, 8, 451.

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