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Water 2015, 7(4), 1580-1594; doi:10.3390/w7041580

Hydrometeorological Research in South Africa: A Review

1
South African Weather Service, Private Bag X097, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
2
Department of Geography, Geoinformatics and Meteorology, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0001, South Africa
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Athanasios Loukas
Received: 12 December 2014 / Revised: 12 March 2015 / Accepted: 19 March 2015 / Published: 15 April 2015
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Abstract

Water resources, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions of the world are of great concern, as they are closely linked to the wellbeing of humankind. Sophisticated hydrological prediction tools are required to assess climatic and hydrometeorological conditions, as they impact the sustainability of water resources as well as water availability. Research and data collection activities from multi-hydrometeorological sensors (e.g., gauges, radars, satellites) form the basis for quantifying the impact of extreme episodes along the hydrologic phases that manifest in terms of the magnitude, duration and frequency of floods, droughts and other hydrometeorological hazards that affect water resources management. A number of hydrometeorological research activities have been reported in the literature by various researchers and research groups globally. This contribution presents (a) a review of the hydrometeorology resource landscape in South Africa; (b) an analysis of the hydrometeorology services and products in South Africa; (c) a review of the hydrometeorological research that has been conducted in South Africa for the last four decades; and (d) highlights on some of the challenges facing the sustained advancement of research in hydrometeorology in South Africa. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydrometeorology; water resources; extreme events; South Africa weather service hydrometeorology; water resources; extreme events; South Africa weather service
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Botai, C.M.; Botai, J.O.; Muchuru, S.; Ngwana, I. Hydrometeorological Research in South Africa: A Review. Water 2015, 7, 1580-1594.

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