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Water 2015, 7(4), 1497-1514; doi:10.3390/w7041497

Rethinking Sustainability, Scaling Up, and Enabling Environment: A Framework for Their Implementation in Drinking Water Supply

1,2,†,* , 1,†
,
1,†
,
1,†
and
1,†
1
The Water Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Campus Box 7431, Chapel Hill, NC 27599-7431, USA
2
Global Research Institute, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill FedEx, Global Education Center, CB# 5145, 301 Pittsboro St Chapel Hill, NC 27599-5145, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Marc Henry
Received: 31 December 2014 / Revised: 3 March 2015 / Accepted: 18 March 2015 / Published: 3 April 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Water Treatment and Human Health)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [631 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

The terms sustainability, scaling up, and enabling environment are inconsistently used in implementing water supply projects. To clarify these terms we develop a framework based on Normalization Process Theory, and apply the framework to a hypothetical water supply project in schools. The resulting framework provides guidance on how these terms could be implemented and analyzed in water supply projects. We conclude that effective use of the terms sustainability, scaling up, and enabling environment would focus on purpose, process, and perspective. This is the first known attempt to analyze the implementation of the three terms together in the context of water supply services. View Full-Text
Keywords: sustainability; scaling up; enabling environment; drinking water supply; implementation; normalization process theory sustainability; scaling up; enabling environment; drinking water supply; implementation; normalization process theory
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Amjad, U.Q.; Ojomo, E.; Downs, K.; Cronk, R.; Bartram, J. Rethinking Sustainability, Scaling Up, and Enabling Environment: A Framework for Their Implementation in Drinking Water Supply. Water 2015, 7, 1497-1514.

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