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Water 2015, 7(2), 503-527; doi:10.3390/w7020503

Automatic Calibration Tool for Hydrologic Simulation Program-FORTRAN Using a Shuffled Complex Evolution Algorithm

1
Department of Biological Systems Engineering, Virginia Tech, 155 Ag Quad Lane, Blacksburg, VA 24061, USA
2
Blackland Research & Extension Center, Texas A&M University, 720 East Blackland Road, Temple, TX 76502, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Miklas Scholz
Received: 17 November 2014 / Revised: 23 January 2015 / Accepted: 28 January 2015 / Published: 4 February 2015
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Abstract

Hydrologic Simulation Program-Fortran (HSPF) model calibration is typically done manually due to the lack of an automated calibration tool as well as the difficulty of balancing objective functions to be considered. This paper discusses the development and demonstration of an automated calibration tool for HSPF (HSPF-SCE). HSPF-SCE was developed using the open source software “R”. The tool employs the Shuffled Complex Evolution optimization algorithm (SCE-UA) to produce a pool of qualified calibration parameter sets from which the modeler chooses a single set of calibrated parameters. Six calibration criteria specified in the Expert System for the Calibration of HSPF (HSPEXP) decision support tool were combined to develop a single, composite objective function for HSPF-SCE. The HSPF-SCE tool was demonstrated, and automated and manually calibrated model performance were compared using three Virginia watersheds, where HSPF models had been previously prepared for bacteria total daily maximum load (TMDL) development. The example applications demonstrate that HSPF-SCE can be an effective tool for calibrating HSPF. View Full-Text
Keywords: HSPF; calibration; optimization; Shuffled Complex Evolution; R; parallel computing HSPF; calibration; optimization; Shuffled Complex Evolution; R; parallel computing
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Seong, C.; Her, Y.; Benham, B.L. Automatic Calibration Tool for Hydrologic Simulation Program-FORTRAN Using a Shuffled Complex Evolution Algorithm. Water 2015, 7, 503-527.

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