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Water 2014, 6(6), 1642-1661; doi:10.3390/w6061642
Article

Enhancing the Predicting Accuracy of the Water Stage Using a Physical-Based Model and an Artificial Neural Network-Genetic Algorithm in a River System

1,2,*  and 1
Received: 28 February 2014; in revised form: 14 April 2014 / Accepted: 21 May 2014 / Published: 3 June 2014
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Abstract: Accurate simulations of river stages during typhoon events are critically important for flood control and are necessary for disaster prevention and water resources management in Taiwan. This study applies two artificial neural network (ANN) models, including the back propagation neural network (BPNN) and genetic algorithm neural network (GANN) techniques, to improve predictions from a one-dimensional flood routing hydrodynamic model regarding the water stages during typhoon events in the Danshuei River system in northern Taiwan. The hydrodynamic model is driven by freshwater discharges at the upstream boundary conditions and by the water levels at the downstream boundary condition. The model provides a sound physical basis for simulating water stages along the river. The simulated results of the hydrodynamic model show that the model cannot reproduce the water stages at different stations during typhoon events for the model calibration and verification phases. The BPNN and GANN models can improve the simulated water stages compared with the performance of the hydrodynamic model. The GANN model satisfactorily predicts water stages during the training and verification phases and exhibits the lowest values of mean absolute error, root-mean-square error and peak error compared with the simulated results at different stations using the hydrodynamic model and the BPNN model. Comparison of the simulated results shows that the GANN model can be successfully applied to predict the water stages of the Danshuei River system during typhoon events.
Keywords: water stage; flood routing hydrodynamic model; back propagation neural network; genetic algorithm neural network; model calibration (training) and verification; Danshuei River system water stage; flood routing hydrodynamic model; back propagation neural network; genetic algorithm neural network; model calibration (training) and verification; Danshuei River system
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, W.-C.; Chung, C.-E. Enhancing the Predicting Accuracy of the Water Stage Using a Physical-Based Model and an Artificial Neural Network-Genetic Algorithm in a River System. Water 2014, 6, 1642-1661.

AMA Style

Liu W-C, Chung C-E. Enhancing the Predicting Accuracy of the Water Stage Using a Physical-Based Model and an Artificial Neural Network-Genetic Algorithm in a River System. Water. 2014; 6(6):1642-1661.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Wen-Cheng; Chung, Chuan-En. 2014. "Enhancing the Predicting Accuracy of the Water Stage Using a Physical-Based Model and an Artificial Neural Network-Genetic Algorithm in a River System." Water 6, no. 6: 1642-1661.


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