Water 2014, 6(2), 414-433; doi:10.3390/w6020414

Evaluating Water Management Practice for Sustainable Mining

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Received: 15 January 2014; in revised form: 13 February 2014 / Accepted: 14 February 2014 / Published: 24 February 2014
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: To move towards sustainable development, the mining industry needs to identify better mine water management practices for reducing raw water use, increasing water use efficiency, and eliminating environmental impacts in a precondition of securing mining production. However, the selection of optimal mine water management practices is technically challenging due to the lack of scientific tools to comprehensively evaluate management options against a set of conflicting criteria. This work has provided a solution to aid the identification of more sustainable mine water management practices. The solution includes a conceptual framework for forming a decision hierarchy; an evaluation method for assessing mine water management practices; and a sensitivity analysis in view of different preferences of stakeholders or managers. The solution is applied to a case study of the evaluation of sustainable water management practices in 16 mines located in the Bowen Basin in Queensland, Australia. The evaluation results illustrate the usefulness of the proposed solution. A sensitivity analysis is performed according to preference weights of stakeholders or managers. Some measures are provided for assessing sensitivity of strategy ranking outcomes if the weight of an indicator changes. Finally, some advice is given to improve the mine water management in some mines.
Keywords: mine water management; multi-criteria evaluation; sustainable mining; analytic hierarchy process (AHP); fuzzy TOPSIS; sustainability; decision-making
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhang, X.; Gao, L.; Barrett, D.; Chen, Y. Evaluating Water Management Practice for Sustainable Mining. Water 2014, 6, 414-433.

AMA Style

Zhang X, Gao L, Barrett D, Chen Y. Evaluating Water Management Practice for Sustainable Mining. Water. 2014; 6(2):414-433.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Zhang, Xiangfeng; Gao, Lei; Barrett, Damian; Chen, Yun. 2014. "Evaluating Water Management Practice for Sustainable Mining." Water 6, no. 2: 414-433.

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