Application of the SUSTAIN Model to a Watershed-Scale Case for Water Quality Management
AbstractLow impact development (LID) is a relatively new concept in land use management that aims to maintain hydrological conditions at a predevelopment level without deteriorating water quality during land development. The United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) developed the System for Urban Stormwater Treatment and Analysis Integration model (SUSTAIN) to evaluate the performance of LID practices at different spatial scales; however, the application of this model has been limited relative to LID modeling. In this study, the SUSTAIN model was applied to a Taiwanese watershed. Model calibration and verification were performed, and different types of LID facilities were evaluated. The model simulation process and the verified model parameters could be used in other cases. Four LID scenarios combining bioretention ponds, grass swales, and pervious pavements were designed based on the land characteristics. For the SUSTAIN model simulation, the results showed that pollution reduction was mainly due to water quantity reduction, infiltration was the dominant mechanism and plant interception had a minor effect on the treatment. The simulation results were used to rank the primary areas for nonpoint source pollution and identify effective LID practices. In addition to the case study, a sensitivity analysis of the model parameters was performed, showing that the soil infiltration rate was the most sensitive parameter affecting the LID performance. The objectives of the study are to confirm the applicability of the SUSTAIN model and to assess the effectiveness of LID practices in the studied watershed. View Full-Text
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Chen, C.-F.; Sheng, M.-Y.; Chang, C.-L.; Kang, S.-F.; Lin, J.-Y. Application of the SUSTAIN Model to a Watershed-Scale Case for Water Quality Management. Water 2014, 6, 3575-3589.
Chen C-F, Sheng M-Y, Chang C-L, Kang S-F, Lin J-Y. Application of the SUSTAIN Model to a Watershed-Scale Case for Water Quality Management. Water. 2014; 6(12):3575-3589.Chicago/Turabian Style
Chen, Chi-Feng; Sheng, Ming-Yang; Chang, Chia-Ling; Kang, Shyh-Fang; Lin, Jen-Yang. 2014. "Application of the SUSTAIN Model to a Watershed-Scale Case for Water Quality Management." Water 6, no. 12: 3575-3589.