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Water 2012, 4(1), 272-282; doi:10.3390/w4010272

Framework of National Non-Structural Measures for Flash Flood Disaster Prevention in China

1
Research Center on Flood and Drought Disaster Reduction of the MWR, Beijing 100038, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Simulation and Regulation of Water Cycle in River Basin, China Institute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, Beijing 100038, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 6 February 2012 / Revised: 22 February 2012 / Accepted: 12 March 2012 / Published: 19 March 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flood Risk Management)
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Abstract

In recent years, disasters caused by flash floods with many casualties have occurred frequently in China. In order to effectively prevent flash flood disasters, the State Council approved the National Flash Flood Control Planning (NFFCP) in 2006. In this planning, non-structural measures are recommended as the first step to be adopted in the prevention of flash floods, debris flow and landslide disasters caused by heavy rainfall. In order to effectively build up a comprehensive non-structural measure system for flash flood disaster prevention, the Ministry of Water Resources has asked the local authorities to conduct studies in 103 pilot counties aiming to explore practical schemes. Based on the experience from these pilot counties, the construction of non-structural measures on flash flood disaster prevention for 1836 counties was officially initiated in 2010. The contents of non-structural measures for flash flood disaster prevention at county level include eight aspects. This paper will systematically illustrate the main contents of this national project for the construction of non-structural measures for flash flood disaster prevention in China. This work could provide a reference for other countries and regions in terms of flash flood prevention.
Keywords: flash flood disaster prevention; non-structural measures; monitoring; warning; China flash flood disaster prevention; non-structural measures; monitoring; warning; China
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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Sun, D.; Zhang, D.; Cheng, X. Framework of National Non-Structural Measures for Flash Flood Disaster Prevention in China. Water 2012, 4, 272-282.

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