Next Article in Journal
Economic Assessment of an Integrated Membrane System for Secondary Effluent Polishing for Unrestricted Reuse
Next Article in Special Issue
A Perspective on Sea Level Rise and Coastal Storm Surge from Southern and Eastern Africa: A Case Study Near Durban, South Africa
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Mean Sea Level Variability and Influence of the North Atlantic Oscillation on Long-Term Trends in the German Bight
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Water 2012, 4(1), 196-218; doi:10.3390/w4010196

Physical Vulnerability Assessment Based on Fluid and Classical Mechanics to Support Cost-Benefit Analysis of Flood Risk Mitigation Strategies

1
Department of Hydraulic Engineering—Abteilung Wasserschutzbauten, Autonomous Province of Bolzano, Italy, Cesare Battisti Street 23, Bolzano 39100, Italy
2
Faculty of Science and Technology, Free University of Bolzano, Universitätsplatz 5, Bolzano 39100, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 28 December 2011 / Revised: 8 February 2012 / Accepted: 13 February 2012 / Published: 28 February 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Flood Risk Management)
View Full-Text   |   Download PDF [319 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]   |  

Abstract

The impacts of flood events that occurred in autumn 2011 in the Italian regions of Liguria and Tuscany revived the engagement of the public decision-maker to enhance the synergy of flood control and land use planning. In this context, the design of efficient flood risk mitigation strategies and their subsequent implementation critically relies on a careful vulnerability analysis of the fixed and mobile elements exposed to flood hazard. In this paper we develop computation schemes enabling dynamic vulnerability and risk analyses for a broad typological variety of elements at risk. To show their applicability, a series of prime examples are discussed in detail, e.g. a bridge deck impacted by the flood and a car, first displaced and subsequently exposed to collision with fixed objects. We hold the view that it is essential that the derivation of the computational schemes to assess the vulnerability of endangered objects should be based on classical and fluid mechanics. In such a way, we aim to complement from a methodological perspective the existing, mainly empirical, vulnerability and risk assessment approaches and to support the design of effective flood risk mitigation strategies by defusing the main criticalities within the systems prone to flood risk.
Keywords: natural hazards; vulnerability, flood risk; risk mitigation; project evaluation; European Alps natural hazards; vulnerability, flood risk; risk mitigation; project evaluation; European Alps
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Scifeed alert for new publications

Never miss any articles matching your research from any publisher
  • Get alerts for new papers matching your research
  • Find out the new papers from selected authors
  • Updated daily for 49'000+ journals and 6000+ publishers
  • Define your Scifeed now

SciFeed Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Mazzorana, B.; Levaggi, L.; Formaggioni, O.; Volcan, C. Physical Vulnerability Assessment Based on Fluid and Classical Mechanics to Support Cost-Benefit Analysis of Flood Risk Mitigation Strategies. Water 2012, 4, 196-218.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top