Water 2010, 2(3), 649-667; doi:10.3390/w2030649
Article

The Potential for Abandoned Paddy Fields to Reduce Pollution Loads from Households in Suburban Tokyo

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Received: 2 August 2010; in revised form: 1 September 2010 / Accepted: 13 September 2010 / Published: 19 September 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Interaction between (Mega-)Urban Land Use and Water Management)
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: Similar to other Asian nations, suburban areas in Japan are characterized by dense intermixtures of residential areas and farmlands. These hybrid rural/urban areas are evaluated negatively in modern planning frameworks. However, mixed rural/urban landscapes may prove advantageous when attempting to reconstruct sustainable wastewater treatment systems. This research examines the potential for abandoned paddy fields to reduce nitrogen (T-N) and phosphorous (T-P) loads, an increasingly problematic source of eutrophication in many closed water areas, from households in suburban areas. Our results indicate that abandoned paddy fields remaining in mixed urban/rural areas have significant potential to reduce both nitrogen and phosphorous loads. Accordingly, we suggest that abandoned paddy fields can play an important role in reducing pollution loads in mixed urban/rural areas.
Keywords: domestic wastewater pollution; abandoned paddy field; wetland wastewater treatment; mixed urban-rural land use
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kogi, J.; Miyamoto, M.; Bolthouse, J.; Yokohari, M. The Potential for Abandoned Paddy Fields to Reduce Pollution Loads from Households in Suburban Tokyo. Water 2010, 2, 649-667.

AMA Style

Kogi J, Miyamoto M, Bolthouse J, Yokohari M. The Potential for Abandoned Paddy Fields to Reduce Pollution Loads from Households in Suburban Tokyo. Water. 2010; 2(3):649-667.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kogi, Jiro; Miyamoto, Mariko; Bolthouse, Jay; Yokohari, Makoto. 2010. "The Potential for Abandoned Paddy Fields to Reduce Pollution Loads from Households in Suburban Tokyo." Water 2, no. 3: 649-667.

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