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Facts and Perspectives of Water Reservoirs in Central Asia: A Special Focus on Uzbekistan
Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Melioration, 39 Kary Nizayov Street, Tashkent, 100000, Uzbekistan
Université de Bordeaux, GHYMAC Géosciences Hydrosciences, B18 avenue des Facultés, 33405 Talence, France
Université d’Orléans, Institut des Sciences de la Terre d’Orléans, UMR 6113 CNRS, Campus Géosciences, 1A rue de la Férollerie, 41071 Orléans, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 May 2010; Accepted: 11 June 2010 / Published: 23 June 2010
Abstract: The political transformation of the Central Asian region has induced the implosion of the interconnected physical hydraulic infrastructure and its institutional management system. Land-locked Central Asian countries, with their climatic conditions and transboundary water resources, have been striving to meet their food security, to increase agricultural production, to sustain energy sectors, and to protect the environment. The existing water reservoirs are strategic infrastructures for irrigation and hydropower generation. Upstream countries (Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan) favor the reservoirs’ operation for energy supply, while downstream countries (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan) push for irrigation use. This paper provides an overview of the current challenges and perspectives (technical, institutional, and legal regulations) and presents recommendations for the sustainable management of man-made water reservoirs in Uzbekistan.
Keywords: transboundary waters; dam management; water reservoirs; irrigation; hydropower; sedimentation; water policy
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Rakhmatullaev, S.; Huneau, F.; Le Coustumer, P.; Motelica-Heino, M.; Bakiev, M. Facts and Perspectives of Water Reservoirs in Central Asia: A Special Focus on Uzbekistan. Water 2010, 2, 307-320.
Rakhmatullaev S, Huneau F, Le Coustumer P, Motelica-Heino M, Bakiev M. Facts and Perspectives of Water Reservoirs in Central Asia: A Special Focus on Uzbekistan. Water. 2010; 2(2):307-320.
Rakhmatullaev, Shavkat; Huneau, Frédéric; Le Coustumer, Philippe; Motelica-Heino, Mikael; Bakiev, Masharif. 2010. "Facts and Perspectives of Water Reservoirs in Central Asia: A Special Focus on Uzbekistan." Water 2, no. 2: 307-320.