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Water 2010, 2(2), 307-320; doi:10.3390/w2020307

Facts and Perspectives of Water Reservoirs in Central Asia: A Special Focus on Uzbekistan

1
Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Melioration, 39 Kary Nizayov Street, Tashkent, 100000, Uzbekistan
2
Université de Bordeaux, GHYMAC Géosciences Hydrosciences, B18 avenue des Facultés, 33405 Talence, France
3
Université d’Orléans, Institut des Sciences de la Terre d’Orléans, UMR 6113 CNRS, Campus Géosciences, 1A rue de la Férollerie, 41071 Orléans, France
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 May 2010 / Accepted: 11 June 2010 / Published: 23 June 2010
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Abstract

The political transformation of the Central Asian region has induced the implosion of the interconnected physical hydraulic infrastructure and its institutional management system. Land-locked Central Asian countries, with their climatic conditions and transboundary water resources, have been striving to meet their food security, to increase agricultural production, to sustain energy sectors, and to protect the environment. The existing water reservoirs are strategic infrastructures for irrigation and hydropower generation. Upstream countries (Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan) favor the reservoirs’ operation for energy supply, while downstream countries (Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan) push for irrigation use. This paper provides an overview of the current challenges and perspectives (technical, institutional, and legal regulations) and presents recommendations for the sustainable management of man-made water reservoirs in Uzbekistan.
Keywords: transboundary waters; dam management; water reservoirs; irrigation; hydropower; sedimentation; water policy transboundary waters; dam management; water reservoirs; irrigation; hydropower; sedimentation; water policy
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

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MDPI and ACS Style

Rakhmatullaev, S.; Huneau, F.; Le Coustumer, P.; Motelica-Heino, M.; Bakiev, M. Facts and Perspectives of Water Reservoirs in Central Asia: A Special Focus on Uzbekistan. Water 2010, 2, 307-320.

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