Next Article in Journal
Minimizing the Environmental Impact of Sea Brine Disposal by Coupling Desalination Plants with Solar Saltworks: A Case Study for Greece
Next Article in Special Issue
The Socio-Technical Aspects of Water Management: Emerging Trends at Grass Roots Level in Uzbekistan
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Estimating the Ground Water Resources of Atoll Islands
Water 2010, 2(1), 28-74; doi:10.3390/w2010028

Sonochemical Treatment of Water Polluted by Chlorinated Organocompounds. A Review

1,* , 1
1 Grupo de Nuevos Desarrollos Tecnológicos en Electroquímica: Sonoelectroquímica y Bioelectroquímica, Departamento de Química Física e Instituto Universitario de Electroquímica, Universidad de Alicante, Ap. Correos 99, 03080 Alicante, Spain 2 Centre RAPSODEE, Ecole des Mines Albi, F-81013 Albi, France 3 Université de Toulouse; Mines Albi; CNRS, F-81013 Albi, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 30 December 2009 / Revised: 26 January 2010 / Accepted: 29 January 2010 / Published: 2 February 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Papers)
Download PDF [439 KB, uploaded 9 June 2015]


As one of several types of pollutants in water, chlorinated compounds have been routinely subjected to sonochemical analysis to check the environmental applications of this technology. In this review, an extensive study of the influence of the initial concentration, ultrasonic intensity and frequency on the kinetics, degradation efficiency and mechanism has been analyzed. The sonochemical degradation follows a radical mechanism which yields a very wide range of chlorinated compounds in very low concentrations. Special attention has been paid to the mass balance comparing the results from several analytical techniques. As a conclusion, sonochemical degradation alone is not an efficient treatment to reduce the organic pollutant level in waste water.
Keywords: chlorinated organocompound; sonochemistry; pollutant; cavitation; pyrolysis; radicals chlorinated organocompound; sonochemistry; pollutant; cavitation; pyrolysis; radicals
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Share & Cite This Article

Further Mendeley | CiteULike
Export to BibTeX |
MDPI and ACS Style

González-García, J.; Sáez, V.; Tudela, I.; Díez-Garcia, M.I.; Deseada Esclapez, M.; Louisnard, O. Sonochemical Treatment of Water Polluted by Chlorinated Organocompounds. A Review. Water 2010, 2, 28-74.

View more citation formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

For more information on the journal, click here


Cited By

[Return to top]
Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert