Water 2010, 2(1), 101-119; doi:10.3390/w2010101
Article

Anaerobic Treatment of Concentrated Black Water in a UASB Reactor at a Short HRT

Received: 2 February 2010; in revised form: 24 February 2010 / Accepted: 25 February 2010 / Published: 26 February 2010
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Abstract: This research describes the feasibility of applying a UASB reactor for the treatment of concentrated black (toilet) water at 25 °C. On average 78% of the influent load of COD at an HRT of 8.7 days was removed. Produced methane can be converted to 56 MJ/p/y as electricity and 84 MJ/p/y as heat by combined heat and power (CHP). Minimum reactor volume at full scale was calculated to be 63L per person (for black water containing 16 gCOD/L produced at 5 L/p/d) and this is more than two times smaller than other type of reactors for anaerobic treatment of concentrated black water.
Keywords: black water; anaerobic treatment; UASB reactor; sanitation; separation at source
PDF Full-text Download PDF Full-Text [183 KB, uploaded 26 February 2010 13:33 CET]

Export to BibTeX |
EndNote


MDPI and ACS Style

De Graaff, M.S.; Temmink, H.; Zeeman, G.; Buisman, C.J.N. Anaerobic Treatment of Concentrated Black Water in a UASB Reactor at a Short HRT. Water 2010, 2, 101-119.

AMA Style

De Graaff MS, Temmink H, Zeeman G, Buisman CJN. Anaerobic Treatment of Concentrated Black Water in a UASB Reactor at a Short HRT. Water. 2010; 2(1):101-119.

Chicago/Turabian Style

De Graaff, Marthe S.; Temmink, Hardy; Zeeman, Grietje; Buisman, Cees J. N. 2010. "Anaerobic Treatment of Concentrated Black Water in a UASB Reactor at a Short HRT." Water 2, no. 1: 101-119.

Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert