An Optimal Model for Water Resources Risk Hedging Based on Water Option Trading
AbstractThe uncertainty of forecasted runoffs brings risks of water shortages to water users in the intake area of long-distance water transfer projects, and the uncertainty of spot market prices may cause them to buy water at high prices. In order to hedge these risks, this paper proposes a risk hedging model for decision-making in water option trading from the viewpoint of water users. With the objective of maximizing the expected revenue of water users, the proposed model was solved by an analytical method and an optimal water option strategy was obtained for the users. The proposed model is applied to an intake area of an inter-basin water transfer project in China. The results show that the proposed water option trading model can provide water users with an optimal option strategy. The optimal options trading strategy can effectively reduce the risk caused by the uncertainties of forecasted runoffs and water prices. We also explored the influence of the uncertainty degree of the forecasted runoffs and water price on the option trading strategy. The results show that the expected revenue of water users increases as the variances of the errors of forecasted runoffs and water prices increase. View Full-Text
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Yan, H.; Zhong, P.-A.; Chen, J.; Xu, B.; Wu, Y.; Zhu, F. An Optimal Model for Water Resources Risk Hedging Based on Water Option Trading. Water 2018, 10, 1026.
Yan H, Zhong P-A, Chen J, Xu B, Wu Y, Zhu F. An Optimal Model for Water Resources Risk Hedging Based on Water Option Trading. Water. 2018; 10(8):1026.Chicago/Turabian Style
Yan, Haibin; Zhong, Ping-An; Chen, Juan; Xu, Bin; Wu, Yenan; Zhu, Feilin. 2018. "An Optimal Model for Water Resources Risk Hedging Based on Water Option Trading." Water 10, no. 8: 1026.
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