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Water 2018, 10(8), 1013; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10081013

Benthic Diatoms of the Ying River (Huaihe River Basin, China) and Their Application in Water Trophic Status Assessment

College of Life and Environmental Sciences, Shanghai Normal University, No. 100 Guilin Road, Xuhui District, Shanghai 200234, China
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Received: 4 June 2018 / Revised: 17 July 2018 / Accepted: 18 July 2018 / Published: 31 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Quality and Ecosystems)
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Abstract

Benthic diatoms are an indispensable link of the water ecological system in terms of energy flow and material cycling, and they directly or indirectly reflect the status of the water environment. We sampled benthic diatoms and environmental factors from April to May of 2013 from 53 sites along the Ying River to study their application in local water trophic status assessment, with a focus on the dominant benthic diatom species, their composition and distribution pattern, and the relationship between benthic diatoms and environmental factors. A total of 370 species and varieties were identified, belonging to 56 genera and six orders. The dominant species were as follows: Nitzschia inconspicua Grunow, Achnanthidium minutissimum (Kützing) Czarnecki, Navicula aitchelbee L. L. Bahls, Nitzschia palea (Kützing) Smith, Cyclotella meneghiniana Kützing, Navicula submuralis Hustedt and Mayamaea atomus (Kützing) Lange-Bertalot. The Ying River was divided into five orders using the Strahler method and three regions according to total nitrogen, total phosphorus and ammonia nitrogen. In region Y-1, which had the lowest nutrient level, the dominant species was Achnanthidium minutissimum. In region Y-2, which had the highest nutrient level, Navicula aitchelbee, Nitzschia palea, and Cyclotella meneghiniana were dominant, while in region Y-3, which had moderate nutrient levels, Nitzschia inconspicua was dominant. Pearson’s correlation analysis and canonical correspondence analysis (CCA) revealed a significant correlation between the environmental factors with dominant species and diatom indices (especially the SPI). Our study indicates that dominant species and diatom indices can, to some extent, indicate the environment, especially nutrient distribution. View Full-Text
Keywords: benthic diatoms; Huaihe River; diatom indices; fresh water ecology benthic diatoms; Huaihe River; diatom indices; fresh water ecology
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Shen, R.; Ren, H.; Yu, P.; You, Q.; Pang, W.; Wang, Q. Benthic Diatoms of the Ying River (Huaihe River Basin, China) and Their Application in Water Trophic Status Assessment. Water 2018, 10, 1013.

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