Numerical Investigation on Infiltration and Runoff in Unsaturated Soils with Unsteady Rainfall Intensity
AbstractModeling infiltration into soil and runoff quantitative evaluations is very significant for hydrological applications. In this paper, a flow model of unsaturated soils was established. A computational process of soil water content and runoff prediction was presented that combines an analytical solution with numerical approaches. The solutions have good agreements with the experimental results and other infiltration solutions (Richards numerical solution and classical Green–Ampt solution). We analyzed the effects on cumulative infiltration and runoff under three conditions of rainfall intensity with same average magnitude. These rainfall conditions were (Case 1) decreasing rainfall, (Case 2) steady rainfall, and (Case 3) increasing rainfall, respectively. The results show that the cumulative infiltration in Case 1 is the highest among the three cases. The cumulative runoff under condition of Case 3 is smaller than that of decreasing rainfall at the initial stage, which then becomes larger at the later stage. The time of runoff under the conditions of Case 1 is earliest among the three rainfall conditions, which is about 50% earlier than Case 3. Therefore, project construction for urban flood control should pay more attention to urban flood defense in increasing rainfall weather than other rainfall intensities under the same average magnitude. The approaches presented can be utilized to easily and effectively evaluate infiltration and runoff as a theoretical foundation. View Full-Text
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Tan, J.; Song, H.; Zhang, H.; Zhu, Q.; Xing, Y.; Zhang, J. Numerical Investigation on Infiltration and Runoff in Unsaturated Soils with Unsteady Rainfall Intensity. Water 2018, 10, 914.
Tan J, Song H, Zhang H, Zhu Q, Xing Y, Zhang J. Numerical Investigation on Infiltration and Runoff in Unsaturated Soils with Unsteady Rainfall Intensity. Water. 2018; 10(7):914.Chicago/Turabian Style
Tan, Jinqiang; Song, Hongqing; Zhang, Hailong; Zhu, Qinghui; Xing, Yi; Zhang, Jie. 2018. "Numerical Investigation on Infiltration and Runoff in Unsaturated Soils with Unsteady Rainfall Intensity." Water 10, no. 7: 914.
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