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Water 2018, 10(6), 762; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10060762

A Stakeholder Oriented Modelling Framework for the Early Detection of Shortage in Water Supply Systems

1
Water Research Institute, National Research Council, Area della Ricerca di Roma 1, Strada Provinciale 35d, km 0,7, 00015 Montelibretti, Rome, Italy
2
National Civil Protection Department, via Vitorchiano 2, 00189, Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 14 May 2018 / Revised: 5 June 2018 / Accepted: 6 June 2018 / Published: 11 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate-Water-Ecosystem-Interaction)
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Abstract

Management of water supply systems under shortage conditions due to drought requires computational tools able to relate the past precipitation regime over different time scales to future water resources availability. This work proposes a modelling framework to address the occurrence of shortage for water supply systems whose resource is constituted by natural or artificial reservoirs. The proposed methodology aims at identifying “management triggers” for possible mitigation measures. Emphasis is given on the use of standardized indices to promote information sharing. The implemented tool is structured into five modules: “hydrological” module; “scenarios” module; “reservoir” module; a module for the evaluation of “indices of shortage”; and a “support to early-warning” module. The whole procedure has been applied to three Italian reservoirs. For each water body, a case specific shortage early-warning system, based on standardized precipitation indices has been identified, allowing the implementation of efficient local mitigation measures. View Full-Text
Keywords: water supply system; drought; water shortage; standardized indices; early-warning system; early-warning uncertainty water supply system; drought; water shortage; standardized indices; early-warning system; early-warning uncertainty
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Romano, E.; Guyennon, N.; Duro, A.; Giordano, R.; Petrangeli, A.B.; Portoghese, I.; Salerno, F. A Stakeholder Oriented Modelling Framework for the Early Detection of Shortage in Water Supply Systems. Water 2018, 10, 762.

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