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Water 2018, 10(4), 447; doi:10.3390/w10040447

Correlation Analysis of Rainstorm Runoff and Density Current in a Canyon-Shaped Source Water Reservoir: Implications for Reservoir Optimal Operation

1,2
,
1,2,* and 1,2
1
Key Laboratory of Northwest Water Resource, Environment and Ecology, Ministry of Education, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China
2
Shaanxi Key Laboratory of Environmental Engineering, Xi’an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi’an 710055, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 March 2018 / Revised: 3 April 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 9 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Water Resources Management and Governance)
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Abstract

Extreme weather has recently become frequent. Heavy rainfall forms storm runoff, which is usually very turbid and contains a high concentration of organic matter, therefore affecting water quality when it enters reservoirs. The large canyon-shaped Heihe Reservoir is the most important raw water source for the city of Xi’an. During the flood season, storm runoff flows into the reservoir as a density current. We determined the relationship among inflow peak discharge (Q), suspended sediment concentration, inflow water temperature, and undercurrent water density. The relationships between (Q) and inflow suspended sediment concentration (CS0) could be described by the equation CS0 = 0.3899 × e0.0025Q, that between CS0 and suspended sediment concentration at the entrance of the main reservoir area S1 (CS1) was determined using CS1 = 0.0346 × e0.2335CS0, and air temperature (Ta) and inflow water temperature (Tw) based on the meteorological data were related as follows: Tw = 0.7718 × Ta + 1.0979. Then, we calculated the density of the undercurrent layer. Compared to the vertical water density distribution at S1 before rainfall, the undercurrent elevation was determined based on the principle of equivalent density inflow. Based on our results, we proposed schemes for optimizing water intake selection and flood discharge during the flood season. View Full-Text
Keywords: reservoir; runoff; density current; optimal operation scheme reservoir; runoff; density current; optimal operation scheme
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Li, Y.; Huang, T.; Ma, W. Correlation Analysis of Rainstorm Runoff and Density Current in a Canyon-Shaped Source Water Reservoir: Implications for Reservoir Optimal Operation. Water 2018, 10, 447.

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