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Water 2018, 10(3), 279; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10030279

Using Sap Flow Data to Parameterize the Feddes Water Stress Model for Norway Spruce

1
Department of Geography, University of Bonn, Meckenheimer Allee 166, 53115 Bonn, Germany
2
Agrosphere Institute (IBG-3), Forschungszentrum Jülich, Wilhelm-Johnen-Straße, 52428 Jülich, Germany
3
Dendro-Labor Windeck, Tree-Ring-Analyses, 51570 Windeck, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 8 December 2017 / Revised: 20 February 2018 / Accepted: 5 March 2018 / Published: 7 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Soil-Plant-Water Relationships)
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Abstract

Tree water use is a key variable in forest eco-hydrological studies and is often monitored by sap flow measurements. Upscaling these point measurements to the stand or catchment level, however, is still challenging. Due to the spatio-temporal heterogeneity of stand structure and soil water supply, extensive measuring campaigns are needed to determine stand water use from sap flow measurements alone. Therefore, many researchers apply water balance models to estimate stand transpiration. To account for the effects of limited soil water supply on stand transpiration, models commonly refer to plant water stress functions, which have rarely been parameterized for forest trees. The aim of this study was to parameterize the Feddes water stress model for Norway spruce (Picea abies [L.] Karst.). After successful calibration and validation of the soil hydrological model HYDRUS-1D, we combined root-zone water potential simulations with a new plant water stress factor derived from sap flow measurements at two plots of contrasting soil moisture regimes. By calibrating HYDRUS-1D against our sap flow data, we determined the critical limits of soil water supply. Drought stress reduced the transpiration activity of mature Norway spruce at root-zone pressure heads <−4100 cm, while aeration stress was not observed. Using the recalibrated Feddes parameters in HYDRUS-1D also improved our water balance simulations. We conclude that the consideration of sap flow information in soil hydrological modeling is a promising way towards more realistic water balance simulations in forest ecosystems. View Full-Text
Keywords: HYDRUS-1D; soil water potential; Norway spruce (Picea abies) HYDRUS-1D; soil water potential; Norway spruce (Picea abies)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Rabbel, I.; Bogena, H.; Neuwirth, B.; Diekkrüger, B. Using Sap Flow Data to Parameterize the Feddes Water Stress Model for Norway Spruce. Water 2018, 10, 279.

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