Comparison of Precipitation and Streamflow Correcting for Ensemble Streamflow Forecasts
AbstractMeteorological centers constantly make efforts to provide more skillful seasonal climate forecast, which has the potential to improve streamflow forecasts. A common approach is to bias-correct the general circulation model (GCM) forecasts prior to generating the streamflow forecasts. Less attention has been paid to the issue of bias-corrected streamflow forecasts that were generated by GCM forecasts. This study compares the effect of bias-corrected GCM forecasts and bias-corrected streamflow outputs on the improvement of streamflow forecast efficiency. Based on the Upper Hanjiang River Basin (UHRB), the authors compare three forecasting scenarios: original forecasts, bias-corrected precipitation forecasts and bias-corrected streamflow forecasts. We apply the quantile mapping method to bias-correct precipitation forecasts and the linear scaling method to bias-correct the original streamflow forecasts. A semi-distributed hydrological model, namely the Tsinghua Representative Elementary Watershed (THREW) model, is employed to transform precipitation into streamflow. The effects of bias-corrected precipitation and bias-corrected streamflow are assessed in terms of accuracy, reliability, sharpness and overall performance. The results show that both bias-corrected precipitation and bias-corrected streamflow can considerably increase the overall forecast skill in comparison to the original streamflow forecasts. Bias-corrected precipitation contributes mainly to improving the forecast reliability and sharpness, while bias-corrected streamflow is successful in increasing the forecast accuracy and overall performance of the ensemble forecasts. View Full-Text
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Li, Y.; Jiang, Y.; Lei, X.; Tian, F.; Duan, H.; Lu, H. Comparison of Precipitation and Streamflow Correcting for Ensemble Streamflow Forecasts. Water 2018, 10, 177.
Li Y, Jiang Y, Lei X, Tian F, Duan H, Lu H. Comparison of Precipitation and Streamflow Correcting for Ensemble Streamflow Forecasts. Water. 2018; 10(2):177.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, Yilu; Jiang, Yunzhong; Lei, Xiaohui; Tian, Fuqiang; Duan, Hao; Lu, Hui. 2018. "Comparison of Precipitation and Streamflow Correcting for Ensemble Streamflow Forecasts." Water 10, no. 2: 177.
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