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Water 2018, 10(2), 158; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10020158

Impact of a Programme for Water Affordability on Residential Consumption: Implementation of the “Programa Mínimo Vital de Agua Potable” in Bogotá, Colombia

1
Department of Sanitary and Environmental Engineering, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos 6627, Belo Horizonte (MG) 31270-901, Brazil
2
Department of Statistics, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Av. Antonio Carlos 6627, Belo Horizonte (MG) 31270-901, Brazil
3
René Rachou Research Center, Av. Augusto de Lima, 1715, Belo Horizonte (MG) 30190-002, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 3 December 2017 / Revised: 25 January 2018 / Accepted: 2 February 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in the Economic Analysis of Residential Water Use)
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Abstract

Affordability of services is a determinant for people’s level of access to water. In this study, we analyse the effect of a programme aimed at improving the affordability of water services on users’ water consumption. The programme was implemented in 2012 by the local government of the city of Bogotá, Colombia, intending to provide an essential “lifeline” volume of water to poor households free of charge. Our assessment was carried out with secondary data and used difference-in-difference estimators in a panel data analysis of a two-period sample: 2011 and 2014. The unit of analysis was defined based on the city’s administrative divisions and the socio-economic stratification of residences. Over the period analysed, beneficiaries’ household consumption increased, reaching per capita consumption levels closer to those of the upper strata of users. Results suggest that the programme contributes to increased consumption and equity among users. View Full-Text
Keywords: residential water consumption; affordability; free lifeline; equity residential water consumption; affordability; free lifeline; equity
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Vargas, L.; Mingoti, S.A.; Heller, L. Impact of a Programme for Water Affordability on Residential Consumption: Implementation of the “Programa Mínimo Vital de Agua Potable” in Bogotá, Colombia. Water 2018, 10, 158.

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