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Water 2018, 10(2), 157; https://doi.org/10.3390/w10020157

Impacts of Climate Change and Land Subsidence on Inundation Risk

1
International Master Program in Soil and Water Engineering, National Pingtung University of Science and Technology, Pingtung 912, Taiwan
2
Department of Soil and Water Conservation, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 12 December 2017 / Revised: 15 January 2018 / Accepted: 1 February 2018 / Published: 6 February 2018
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Abstract

In this study, a physiographic drainage-inundation model was used to analyse the impacts of land subsidence and climate change on inundation disaster and risk in a land subsidence area. The results indicated that for land subsidence and land subsidence combined with climate change, inundation area, and volume increased under one- and two-day storms for 2-, 5-, 10-, 25-, 50-, 100-, and 200-year return periods. Moreover, locations that originally had high inundation depth showed even greater inundated areas and volumes in the presence of land subsidence. The inundation phenomenon under the combination of land subsidence and climate change proved to be severe, compared to that of land subsidence alone. Land subsidence increased not only inundation depth but also inundation duration. Given land subsidence and climate change, the average inundation duration for each return period increased. The average flooding duration for each return period post land subsidence was found to be 1.05–1.1 times greater than that preceding it. Under the combination of land subsidence and climate change, the average flooding duration for each return period post land subsidence was about 1.13–1.27 times greater than that before it. Furthermore, by assessing inundation risk with inundation depth index, inundation duration index, and damage index from different land uses, it was found that after land subsidence, inundation risk showed an increase, which was amplified in the presence of land subsidence combined with climate change. View Full-Text
Keywords: land subsidence; climate change; physiographic drainage-inundation model; inundation disaster; inundation risk land subsidence; climate change; physiographic drainage-inundation model; inundation disaster; inundation risk
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).
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Chen, C.-N.; Tfwala, S.S. Impacts of Climate Change and Land Subsidence on Inundation Risk. Water 2018, 10, 157.

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