Long-Term Trend and Seasonal Variability of Horizontal Visibility in Nigerian Troposphere
AbstractA study of the long-term variability; trend and characteristics of visibility in four zones of Nigeria was carried out. Visibility and other meteorological data from NOAA-NCDC and aerosol index data over Nigeria during 1984–2013 are analyzed using time series and simple regression model. There are significant decreasing trends for every region and season during the 30-years period; the fluctuations exhibited nearly similar pattern. The 30-year mean visibilities for the four zones (Sahel; North Central; Southern; and Coastal) were 13.8 ± 3.9; 14.3 ± 4.2; 13.6 ± 3.5 and 12.8 ± 3.1 km with decreasing trends at the rates of 0.08; 0.06; 0.02 and 0.02 km/year. In all the zones; visibilities were better in summer while worse in Harmattan (dry season). During summer visibility was best in Sahel and North-central; however; in Harmattan visibility was best in southern and coastal zones. It was best between May and June (17.6; 18.9; 16.6 and 15.1 km) with a second peak in September. The 30-year seasonal averages were 16.2 ± 2.1; 16.8 ± 2.4; 15.4 ± 1.8 and 14.0 ± 2.2 km in summer; and 10.2 ± 2.5; 10.9 ± 2.9; 11.0 ± 3.3 and 11.4 ± 3.0 km in Harmattan for the respective zones. Sahel and North Central had the worse visibility reduction during Harmattan compared with Southern and coastal areas. An analysis based on simple regression equation reveals a strong and negative relationship between visibility on one hand; AI; and AOD on the other hand. The analysis also discusses the variability regarding the frequency of occurrence of a dust storm; dust haze; and good visibility over the period of study. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Balarabe, M.; Abdullah, K.; Nawawi, M. Long-Term Trend and Seasonal Variability of Horizontal Visibility in Nigerian Troposphere. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1462-1486.
Balarabe M, Abdullah K, Nawawi M. Long-Term Trend and Seasonal Variability of Horizontal Visibility in Nigerian Troposphere. Atmosphere. 2015; 6(10):1462-1486.Chicago/Turabian Style
Balarabe, Mukhtar; Abdullah, Khiruddin; Nawawi, Mohd. 2015. "Long-Term Trend and Seasonal Variability of Horizontal Visibility in Nigerian Troposphere." Atmosphere 6, no. 10: 1462-1486.