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Atmosphere 2015, 6(10), 1444-1461; doi:10.3390/atmos6101444

Ultrafine Particles in Residential Indoors and Doses Deposited in the Human Respiratory System

1
Department of Technological Innovations, National Institute for Insurance against Accidents at Work Research Area, via IV Novembre 144, I-00187 Rome, Italy
2
Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research, National Research Council, Rome Research Area-Montelibretti, I-00016 Monterotondo Scalo, Italy
These authors contributed equally to this work.
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Robert Talbot
Received: 29 July 2015 / Revised: 25 September 2015 / Accepted: 28 September 2015 / Published: 30 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality)
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Abstract

Indoor aerosol sources may significantly contribute to the daily dose of particles deposited into the human respiratory system. Therefore, it is important to characterize the aerosols deriving from the operations currently performed in an indoor environment and also to estimate the relevant particle respiratory doses. For this aim, aerosols from indoor combustive and non-combustive sources were characterized in terms of aerosol size distributions, and the relevant deposition doses were estimated as a function of time, particle diameter and deposition site in the respiratory system. Ultrafine particles almost entirely made up the doses estimated. The maximum contribution was due to particles deposited in the alveolar region between the 18th and the 21st airway generation. When cooking operations were performed, respiratory doses per unit time were about ten-fold higher than the relevant indoor background dose. Such doses were even higher than those associated with outdoor traffic aerosol. View Full-Text
Keywords: aerosol; ultrafine particles; indoors; size distribution; human respiratory system; deposition doses; MPPD aerosol; ultrafine particles; indoors; size distribution; human respiratory system; deposition doses; MPPD
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Manigrasso, M.; Guerriero, E.; Avino, P. Ultrafine Particles in Residential Indoors and Doses Deposited in the Human Respiratory System. Atmosphere 2015, 6, 1444-1461.

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