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Genes 2017, 8(10), 254; doi:10.3390/genes8100254

Alterations of miRNAs and Their Potential Roles in Arsenite-Induced Transformation of Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells

Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, West China School of Public Health, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Dale R. Nyholt
Received: 18 August 2017 / Revised: 24 September 2017 / Accepted: 28 September 2017 / Published: 3 October 2017
(This article belongs to the Section Human Genomics and Genetic Diseases)
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Abstract

The alterations of micro RNAs (miRNAs) and their potential roles in arsenite-induced tumorigenesis are still poorly understood. In this study, miRNA Array was used to detect the expression level of miRNAs in human bronchial epithelial (HBE) cells that were transformed by 2.5 μM arsenite for 13 weeks. These cells exhibited a neoplastic phenotype manifested by increased levels of cellular proliferation and migration and clone formation. Subsequently, 191 dysregulated miRNAs were identified to be associated with arsenite-induced transformation by miRNA Array. Among them, six miRNAs were validated by their expression levels with quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), and 17 miRNAs were further explored via their target genes as well as regulatory network. Three databases, TargetMiner, miRDB, and TarBase, were used to predict the target genes of the 17 miRNAs, and a total of 954 common genes were sorted. Results of Gene Ontology (GO) analyses showed that the 954 genes were involved in diverse terms of GO categories, such as positive regulation of macroautophagy, epithelial cell maturation, and synaptic vesicle clustering. Moreover, results of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analyses demonstrated that most of these target genes were enriched in various cancer-related pathways, including non-small cell lung cancer, Wnt signaling pathway, cell cycle, and p53 signaling pathway. The miRNA-gene regulatory network, which was constructed by cytoscape software with miRNAs and their target genes, showed that miR-15b-5p, miR-106b-5p, and miR-320d were the core hubs. Collectively, our results provide new insights into miRNA-mediated mechanisms underlying arsenite-induced transformation, although more experimental verification is still needed to prove these predictions. View Full-Text
Keywords: arsenite; transformation; microRNAs; Gene Ontolog; KEGG pathway analyses arsenite; transformation; microRNAs; Gene Ontolog; KEGG pathway analyses
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Gu, S.; Sun, D.; Li, X.; Zhang, Z. Alterations of miRNAs and Their Potential Roles in Arsenite-Induced Transformation of Human Bronchial Epithelial Cells. Genes 2017, 8, 254.

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