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Genes 2013, 4(3), 375-387; doi:10.3390/genes4030375

Abnormal Base Excision Repair at Trinucleotide Repeats Associated with Diseases: A Tissue-Selective Mechanism

Programme of Translational Medicine and Neurogenetics, Institute of Genetics and Molecular and Cellular Biology (IGBMC), UMR 7104-CNRS/INSERM/Uds, 1 rue Laurent Fries, 67404 Illkirch, France
* Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 2 May 2013 / Revised: 25 June 2013 / Accepted: 26 June 2013 / Published: 25 July 2013
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Microsatellite Instability)
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More than fifteen genetic diseases, including Huntington’s disease, myotonic dystrophy 1, fragile X syndrome and Friedreich ataxia, are caused by the aberrant expansion of a trinucleotide repeat. The mutation is unstable and further expands in specific cells or tissues with time, which can accelerate disease progression. DNA damage and base excision repair (BER) are involved in repeat instability and might contribute to the tissue selectivity of the process. In this review, we will discuss the mechanisms of trinucleotide repeat instability, focusing more specifically on the role of BER.
Keywords: trinucleotide repeat diseases; instability; BER trinucleotide repeat diseases; instability; BER
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Goula, A.-V.; Merienne, K. Abnormal Base Excision Repair at Trinucleotide Repeats Associated with Diseases: A Tissue-Selective Mechanism. Genes 2013, 4, 375-387.

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