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Genes 2010, 1(1), 38-69; doi:10.3390/genes1010038

Next Generation DNA Sequencing and the Future of Genomic Medicine

Received: 15 April 2010 / Revised: 20 May 2010 / Accepted: 21 May 2010 / Published: 25 May 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Next Generation DNA Sequencing)
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In the years since the first complete human genome sequence was reported, there has been a rapid development of technologies to facilitate high-throughput sequence analysis of DNA (termed “next-generation” sequencing). These novel approaches to DNA sequencing offer the promise of complete genomic analysis at a cost feasible for routine clinical diagnostics. However, the ability to more thoroughly interrogate genomic sequence raises a number of important issues with regard to result interpretation, laboratory workflow, data storage, and ethical considerations. This review describes the current high-throughput sequencing platforms commercially available, and compares the inherent advantages and disadvantages of each. The potential applications for clinical diagnostics are considered, as well as the need for software and analysis tools to interpret the vast amount of data generated. Finally, we discuss the clinical and ethical implications of the wealth of genetic information generated by these methods. Despite the challenges, we anticipate that the evolution and refinement of high-throughput DNA sequencing technologies will catalyze a new era of personalized medicine based on individualized genomic analysis.
Keywords: DNA; sequencing; next generation sequencing; bioinformatics; molecular diagnostics DNA; sequencing; next generation sequencing; bioinformatics; molecular diagnostics
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Anderson, M.W.; Schrijver, I. Next Generation DNA Sequencing and the Future of Genomic Medicine. Genes 2010, 1, 38-69.

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